The aim of this observational study was to assess the relationship between environmental risk factors and some aspects of social economic status (SES) of the population in different Italian municipalities. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM10) annual means were extracted from ISPRA-BRACE (environmental information system of 483 Italian municipalities, 6% of the total amount of administrative units) from 2002 to 2012. As an indicator of sociodemographic and SES data, we collected the following: resident population, foreign nationality, low level of education, unemployment, nonhome ownership, single-parent family, and overcrowding. Low educational level, unemployment, and lack of home ownership were indirectly associated with the higher mean values of NO2 at the statistically significant level (). Major resident population and rental housing percentage determined higher levels of PM10. Northern regions showed similar results compared to the national level, with the exception of foreign residency that showed direct correlation with the increase of PM10. The central regions showed a direct relationship between NO2 and PM10 levels and higher educational levels and between NO2 levels and percentage of single-parent family. In the southern areas, higher NO2 levels were correlated with a higher rental housing percentage, as well as higher PM10 levels with a higher percentage of unemployment and lower housing density. The study shows high heterogeneity in the findings but confirms the relationship between high educational level and employment with the increased concentration of pollutants. The higher rental housing percentage may increase the pollutants’ levels too. The housing density does not seem to be in relationship with NO2 and PM10 at the national level. The analysis stratified by geographical areas showed that the direction of the correlations was different over time as the analysis was at a national level. The study represents an example of how data from national information systems can provide a preliminary evaluation and be a comparative tool for policy-makers to assess environmental risk factors and social inequalities.

Socioeconomic deprivation status and air pollution by PM10 and NO2: an assessment at municipal level of 11 years in Italy / Mannocci, Alice; Ciarlo, Immacolata; D’Egidio, Valeria; Del Cimmuto, Angela; de Giusti, Maria; Villari, Paolo; La Torre, Giuseppe. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1687-9805. - 2019:(2019), pp. 1-11. [10.1155/2019/2058467]

Socioeconomic deprivation status and air pollution by PM10 and NO2: an assessment at municipal level of 11 years in Italy

Mannocci, Alice;D’Egidio, Valeria;Del Cimmuto, Angela;de Giusti, Maria;Villari, Paolo;La Torre, Giuseppe
2019

Abstract

The aim of this observational study was to assess the relationship between environmental risk factors and some aspects of social economic status (SES) of the population in different Italian municipalities. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM10) annual means were extracted from ISPRA-BRACE (environmental information system of 483 Italian municipalities, 6% of the total amount of administrative units) from 2002 to 2012. As an indicator of sociodemographic and SES data, we collected the following: resident population, foreign nationality, low level of education, unemployment, nonhome ownership, single-parent family, and overcrowding. Low educational level, unemployment, and lack of home ownership were indirectly associated with the higher mean values of NO2 at the statistically significant level (). Major resident population and rental housing percentage determined higher levels of PM10. Northern regions showed similar results compared to the national level, with the exception of foreign residency that showed direct correlation with the increase of PM10. The central regions showed a direct relationship between NO2 and PM10 levels and higher educational levels and between NO2 levels and percentage of single-parent family. In the southern areas, higher NO2 levels were correlated with a higher rental housing percentage, as well as higher PM10 levels with a higher percentage of unemployment and lower housing density. The study shows high heterogeneity in the findings but confirms the relationship between high educational level and employment with the increased concentration of pollutants. The higher rental housing percentage may increase the pollutants’ levels too. The housing density does not seem to be in relationship with NO2 and PM10 at the national level. The analysis stratified by geographical areas showed that the direction of the correlations was different over time as the analysis was at a national level. The study represents an example of how data from national information systems can provide a preliminary evaluation and be a comparative tool for policy-makers to assess environmental risk factors and social inequalities.
2019
social economic status; environmental risk; air pollution; particulate matter; nitrogen dioxide
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Socioeconomic deprivation status and air pollution by PM10 and NO2: an assessment at municipal level of 11 years in Italy / Mannocci, Alice; Ciarlo, Immacolata; D’Egidio, Valeria; Del Cimmuto, Angela; de Giusti, Maria; Villari, Paolo; La Torre, Giuseppe. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1687-9805. - 2019:(2019), pp. 1-11. [10.1155/2019/2058467]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1213182
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