The castle of Loarre, located in the territory of Huesca dominates with its architectural essence the heights of the comarca of the Sobrarbe and Ribagorza of Upper Aragon. The architectural body presents itself as a strongly identity sign of Spanish history. A first figure results from its natural strategic position; in fact it is inserted along an itinerary that includes several fortified systems that still demonstrate that important defensive line at the limit of "Los Waliatos" de Huesca and Barbastro realized at the time of Sancho III the major during the 11th century. The king of Pamplona Sancho III and Count Guillermo Isarnez de Ribagorza called from Lombardy of the workers for the construction of these defensive systems with a masonry technique called "de Sillarejo", and with Windows cruciform also in the middle with a reduced decoration and with the adoption of Lombard archs and moldings with the presence of sawtooth teeth. Thus, a series of fortresses from the west to the east have been realized; among the many are remembered: Uncastillo, Luesia, Sibrana, Biel, Aguero, Murillo, Cacabiello, Loarre, Nocino, Buil, Boltana, Abizanda, Murillo de Monclus, and Troncedo. The long historical constructive story of Loarre is highlighted by its characters and shows a first plant with the tower called “Of the Queen”, then a second enclosure of the epoch of King Sancho Ramirez of Aragon with the foundation of a monastery, approved by Pope Alexander II in 1071, and finally completed in 1287 at the time of Peter I. This enclosure consists of 10 towers with two cylindrical plants and 2 doors. From the northern slope the defense results from the natural sheer of the mountain. For the history of conservation and restoration, the castle of Loarre was declared a national monument in 1906. From this date, studies and projects began. The wide repertoire of iconographic sources highlights, for example, with some photos of the time as the state of preservation was presented. In 1915 the architect Luis de la Figuera started a restoration and discovered an ancient cemetery with a well and the foundations of other preexistings, that were assumed could connect the southern gate with the central nucleus of the castle where some residential environments were located. The architectural reality of the castle is expressed especially in a chamber chapel with a hemispherical shell set on 4 double cone pendentives. The constructive technique of the dome with reduced springer recalls the Koinè that in the XI, XII and XIII centuries is expressed in the Mediterranean area, connecting among other things the Spanish architectural culture with Sicily. The castle of Loarre, ultimately, it is highlighted as one of the lesser known, but most significant of the Spanish architectural history, because of its essence, its history, its constructive characteristics and for some restorations that we can define as balanced, without excessive stylistic re in respect of the different historical phases. This contribution tends to show how in Aragon there are architectural expressions that mark a particular inclination of the formation of the Romanesque. Here in fact there is also the encounter and the combination between the tradition Mozarabic with the currents of derivation Burgundian constituting a typical character of this architectural organism.

Il Castello di Loarre, nel territorio di Huesca domina con la sua essenza architettonica le alture della comarca del Sobrarbe e Ribagorza dell'alta Aragona. L'organismo architettonico si presenta come un segno fortemente identitario della storia spagnola. Un primo dato risulta dalla sua naturale posizione strategica; infatto esso è inserito lungo un itinerario che comprende diversi sistemi fortificati che dimostrano ancora oggi quell'importante linea difensiva al limite di "los waliatos" de Huesca e Barbastro realizza al tempo di Sancho III il maggiore durante l'XI secolo. La lunga vicenda costruttiva di Loarre è evidenziata dai suoi caratteri costruttivi e mostra un primo impianto con la torre detta della Regina, quindi un secondo recinto dell'epoca del re Sancho Ramirez di Aragona con la fondazione di un monastero, completato nel 1287 all'epoca di Pietro I. Per la storia della conservazione e del restauro il castello di Loarre fu dichiarato monumento nazionale nel 1906. Da questa data si avviarono studi e progetti. Il castello dunque si evidenzia come uno dei meno noti ma più significativi della storia dell'architettura, per la sua essenza, la sua storia, i suoi caratteri costruttivi e per alcuni restauri che possiamo definire equilibrati, senza eccessive riproposizioni stilistiche nel rispetto delle diverse fasi storiche. Questo contributo tende a dimostrare come in Aragona si ritrovano espressioni architettoniche che segnano una particolare inclinazione della formazione del romanico. Qui infatti si trova anche l'incontro e la combinazione tra la tradizione Mozarabica con le correnti di derivazione borgognone costituendo un particolare carattere di questo organismo architettonico.

Il castello di Loarre al Sobrarbe aragonese. Vicende storiche e 'restauri'/ The castle of Loarre in Sobrarbe, Aragon. Historical events and 'restoration' / Bellanca, Calogero; Mora, Susana. - (2017), pp. 1-6. (Intervento presentato al convegno Military landscapes. Scenari per il futuro del patrimonio militare. A future for military heritage tenutosi a La Maddalena).

Il castello di Loarre al Sobrarbe aragonese. Vicende storiche e 'restauri'/ The castle of Loarre in Sobrarbe, Aragon. Historical events and 'restoration'

Calogero Bellanca
;
2017

Abstract

The castle of Loarre, located in the territory of Huesca dominates with its architectural essence the heights of the comarca of the Sobrarbe and Ribagorza of Upper Aragon. The architectural body presents itself as a strongly identity sign of Spanish history. A first figure results from its natural strategic position; in fact it is inserted along an itinerary that includes several fortified systems that still demonstrate that important defensive line at the limit of "Los Waliatos" de Huesca and Barbastro realized at the time of Sancho III the major during the 11th century. The king of Pamplona Sancho III and Count Guillermo Isarnez de Ribagorza called from Lombardy of the workers for the construction of these defensive systems with a masonry technique called "de Sillarejo", and with Windows cruciform also in the middle with a reduced decoration and with the adoption of Lombard archs and moldings with the presence of sawtooth teeth. Thus, a series of fortresses from the west to the east have been realized; among the many are remembered: Uncastillo, Luesia, Sibrana, Biel, Aguero, Murillo, Cacabiello, Loarre, Nocino, Buil, Boltana, Abizanda, Murillo de Monclus, and Troncedo. The long historical constructive story of Loarre is highlighted by its characters and shows a first plant with the tower called “Of the Queen”, then a second enclosure of the epoch of King Sancho Ramirez of Aragon with the foundation of a monastery, approved by Pope Alexander II in 1071, and finally completed in 1287 at the time of Peter I. This enclosure consists of 10 towers with two cylindrical plants and 2 doors. From the northern slope the defense results from the natural sheer of the mountain. For the history of conservation and restoration, the castle of Loarre was declared a national monument in 1906. From this date, studies and projects began. The wide repertoire of iconographic sources highlights, for example, with some photos of the time as the state of preservation was presented. In 1915 the architect Luis de la Figuera started a restoration and discovered an ancient cemetery with a well and the foundations of other preexistings, that were assumed could connect the southern gate with the central nucleus of the castle where some residential environments were located. The architectural reality of the castle is expressed especially in a chamber chapel with a hemispherical shell set on 4 double cone pendentives. The constructive technique of the dome with reduced springer recalls the Koinè that in the XI, XII and XIII centuries is expressed in the Mediterranean area, connecting among other things the Spanish architectural culture with Sicily. The castle of Loarre, ultimately, it is highlighted as one of the lesser known, but most significant of the Spanish architectural history, because of its essence, its history, its constructive characteristics and for some restorations that we can define as balanced, without excessive stylistic re in respect of the different historical phases. This contribution tends to show how in Aragon there are architectural expressions that mark a particular inclination of the formation of the Romanesque. Here in fact there is also the encounter and the combination between the tradition Mozarabic with the currents of derivation Burgundian constituting a typical character of this architectural organism.
2017
Military landscapes. Scenari per il futuro del patrimonio militare. A future for military heritage
Il Castello di Loarre, nel territorio di Huesca domina con la sua essenza architettonica le alture della comarca del Sobrarbe e Ribagorza dell'alta Aragona. L'organismo architettonico si presenta come un segno fortemente identitario della storia spagnola. Un primo dato risulta dalla sua naturale posizione strategica; infatto esso è inserito lungo un itinerario che comprende diversi sistemi fortificati che dimostrano ancora oggi quell'importante linea difensiva al limite di "los waliatos" de Huesca e Barbastro realizza al tempo di Sancho III il maggiore durante l'XI secolo. La lunga vicenda costruttiva di Loarre è evidenziata dai suoi caratteri costruttivi e mostra un primo impianto con la torre detta della Regina, quindi un secondo recinto dell'epoca del re Sancho Ramirez di Aragona con la fondazione di un monastero, completato nel 1287 all'epoca di Pietro I. Per la storia della conservazione e del restauro il castello di Loarre fu dichiarato monumento nazionale nel 1906. Da questa data si avviarono studi e progetti. Il castello dunque si evidenzia come uno dei meno noti ma più significativi della storia dell'architettura, per la sua essenza, la sua storia, i suoi caratteri costruttivi e per alcuni restauri che possiamo definire equilibrati, senza eccessive riproposizioni stilistiche nel rispetto delle diverse fasi storiche. Questo contributo tende a dimostrare come in Aragona si ritrovano espressioni architettoniche che segnano una particolare inclinazione della formazione del romanico. Qui infatti si trova anche l'incontro e la combinazione tra la tradizione Mozarabica con le correnti di derivazione borgognone costituendo un particolare carattere di questo organismo architettonico.
defence line; fortification; towers; influences; building features; romanic
04 Pubblicazione in atti di convegno::04b Atto di convegno in volume
Il castello di Loarre al Sobrarbe aragonese. Vicende storiche e 'restauri'/ The castle of Loarre in Sobrarbe, Aragon. Historical events and 'restoration' / Bellanca, Calogero; Mora, Susana. - (2017), pp. 1-6. (Intervento presentato al convegno Military landscapes. Scenari per il futuro del patrimonio militare. A future for military heritage tenutosi a La Maddalena).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1201155
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