Many essential oils (EOs) are screened as potential sources of antimicrobial compounds. EOs from the genus Satureja have recognized biological properties, including analgesic, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anti-cancer, and antimicrobial activity. This study aimed to obtain a metabolite profile of commercial essential oil of S. montana L. (SEO) and to evaluate its antimicrobial properties, both alone and combined with gentamicin towards Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. Untargeted analyses based on direct infusion Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) and on GC-MS have provided a high metabolome coverage, allowing to identify carvacrol, cymene and thymol as the major components of commercial SEO. SEO exerted an antimicrobial activity and induced a synergistic interaction with gentamicin against both reference and clinical bacterial strains. A significant reduction of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes biofilm formation was induced by SEO. As a result of SEO treatment, clear morphological bacterial alterations were visualized by scanning electron microscopy: L. monocytogenes and S. aureus showed malformed cell surface or broken cells with pores formation, whereas E. coli displayed collapsed cell surface. These results encourage further studies about bactericidal and antibiotic synergistic effect of SEO for combined therapy in clinical setting as well as in agricultural systems.
|Titolo:||Satureja montana L. essential oil and its antimicrobial activity alone or in combination with gentamicin|
LONGHI, Catia (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Satureja montana L. essential oil and its antimicrobial activity alone or in combination with gentamicin / Vitanza, Luca; Maccelli, Alessandro; Marazzato, Massimiliano; Scazzocchio, Francesca; Comanducci, Antonella; Fornarini, Simonetta; Crestoni, Maria Elisa; Filippi, Antonello; Fraschetti, Caterina; Rinaldi, Federica; Aleandri, Marta; Goldoni, Paola; Conte, Maria Pia; Ammendolia, Maria Grazia; Longhi, Catia. - In: MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS. - ISSN 0882-4010. - 126(2019), pp. 323-331.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|