Background: In the era of minimally invasive surgery, partial adrenalectomy has certainly been underused. We aimed to report surgical technique and perioperative, pathologic, and early functional outcomes of a two-center robot-assisted partial adrenalectomy (RAPA) series. Objective: To detail surgical technique of RAPA for unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (UAPA), and to report perioperative and 1-yr functional outcomes. Design, setting, and participants: Data of 10 consecutive patients who underwent RAPA for UAPA at two centers from June 2014 to April 2017 were prospectively collected and reported. Surgical procedure: RAPA was performed using a standardized technique with the da Vinci Si in a three-arm configuration. Measurements: Baseline and perioperative data were reported. One-year functional outcomes were assessed according to primary aldosteronism surgery outcome guidelines. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results and limitations: All cases were completed robotically. Median nodule size was 18 mm (interquartile range [IQR] 16–20). Intraoperative blood loss was negligible. A single (10%) postoperative Clavien grade 2 complication occurred. Median hospital stay was 3 d (IQR 2–3). Patients became normotensive immediately after surgery (median pre- and postoperative blood pressure: 150/90 and 120/70 mmHg, respectively). At both 3-mo and 1-yr functional evaluation, all patients achieved biochemical success (aldosterone level, plasmatic renin activity, and aldosterone-renin ratio within normal range). Complete clinical success was achieved in nine patients, but one required low-dose amlodipine at 6-mo evaluation. At a median follow-up of 30.5 mo (IQR 19–42), neither symptoms nor imaging recurrence was observed. Conclusions: We demonstrated feasibility and safety of RAPA for UAPA; this technique had very low risk of complications and excellent functional results. Increased availability of robotic platform and increasing robotic skills among urologists make RAPA a treatment option with potential for widespread use in urologic community. Patient summary: Robot-assisted partial adrenalectomy is a safe, feasible, and minimally invasive surgical approach. Promising perioperative and functional outcomes suggest an increasing adoption of this technique in the near future. Robot-assisted partial adrenalectomy is a feasible and safe surgical option for small, isolated unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma. The role of partial adrenalectomy (PA) versus total adrenalectomy is still a matter of debate, and indications for PA should be discussed in a multidisciplinary setting.

Robot-assisted Partial Adrenalectomy for the Treatment of Conn's Syndrome: Surgical Technique, and Perioperative and Functional Outcomes / Simone, Giuseppe; Anceschi, Umberto; Tuderti, Gabriele; Misuraca, Leonardo; Celia, Antonio; De Concilio, Bernardino; Costantini, Manuela; Stigliano, Antonio; Minisola, Francesco; Ferriero, Mariaconsiglia; Guaglianone, Salvatore; Gallucci, Michele. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY. - ISSN 0302-2838. - (2018). [10.1016/j.eururo.2018.07.030]

Robot-assisted Partial Adrenalectomy for the Treatment of Conn's Syndrome: Surgical Technique, and Perioperative and Functional Outcomes

Tuderti, Gabriele;Misuraca, Leonardo;Stigliano, Antonio;Minisola, Francesco;Gallucci, Michele
2018

Abstract

Background: In the era of minimally invasive surgery, partial adrenalectomy has certainly been underused. We aimed to report surgical technique and perioperative, pathologic, and early functional outcomes of a two-center robot-assisted partial adrenalectomy (RAPA) series. Objective: To detail surgical technique of RAPA for unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (UAPA), and to report perioperative and 1-yr functional outcomes. Design, setting, and participants: Data of 10 consecutive patients who underwent RAPA for UAPA at two centers from June 2014 to April 2017 were prospectively collected and reported. Surgical procedure: RAPA was performed using a standardized technique with the da Vinci Si in a three-arm configuration. Measurements: Baseline and perioperative data were reported. One-year functional outcomes were assessed according to primary aldosteronism surgery outcome guidelines. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results and limitations: All cases were completed robotically. Median nodule size was 18 mm (interquartile range [IQR] 16–20). Intraoperative blood loss was negligible. A single (10%) postoperative Clavien grade 2 complication occurred. Median hospital stay was 3 d (IQR 2–3). Patients became normotensive immediately after surgery (median pre- and postoperative blood pressure: 150/90 and 120/70 mmHg, respectively). At both 3-mo and 1-yr functional evaluation, all patients achieved biochemical success (aldosterone level, plasmatic renin activity, and aldosterone-renin ratio within normal range). Complete clinical success was achieved in nine patients, but one required low-dose amlodipine at 6-mo evaluation. At a median follow-up of 30.5 mo (IQR 19–42), neither symptoms nor imaging recurrence was observed. Conclusions: We demonstrated feasibility and safety of RAPA for UAPA; this technique had very low risk of complications and excellent functional results. Increased availability of robotic platform and increasing robotic skills among urologists make RAPA a treatment option with potential for widespread use in urologic community. Patient summary: Robot-assisted partial adrenalectomy is a safe, feasible, and minimally invasive surgical approach. Promising perioperative and functional outcomes suggest an increasing adoption of this technique in the near future. Robot-assisted partial adrenalectomy is a feasible and safe surgical option for small, isolated unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma. The role of partial adrenalectomy (PA) versus total adrenalectomy is still a matter of debate, and indications for PA should be discussed in a multidisciplinary setting.
2018
Adrenal adenoma; Adrenal sparing; Aldosterone; Conn's syndrome; Partial adrenalectomy; Robotic surgery; Urology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Robot-assisted Partial Adrenalectomy for the Treatment of Conn's Syndrome: Surgical Technique, and Perioperative and Functional Outcomes / Simone, Giuseppe; Anceschi, Umberto; Tuderti, Gabriele; Misuraca, Leonardo; Celia, Antonio; De Concilio, Bernardino; Costantini, Manuela; Stigliano, Antonio; Minisola, Francesco; Ferriero, Mariaconsiglia; Guaglianone, Salvatore; Gallucci, Michele. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY. - ISSN 0302-2838. - (2018). [10.1016/j.eururo.2018.07.030]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1197234
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