Psoriasis is a chronic dermatologic disease which is frequently associated with psychological distress. Although studies suggest a relationship between this condition and difficulties in emotion regulation, behavioral and physiological evidence about this link is scarce. We measured implicit emotion regulation abilities of psoriasis patients and a healthy control group by examining the impact of distracting emotional (positive, negative or neutral) images on a working memory task (“Emotional N-Back”) which could present high (2-back) or low (1-back) cognitive workload. Moreover, we used Functional Infrared Thermal Imaging to record participants’ facial temperature and obtain a measure of the activation of the autonomic system. Rising of temperature over the peri-orbital areas and the nose tip are believed to reflect the activation and the de-activation of the sympathetic system, respectively. Patients scored higher than controls on the “Lack of emotional clarity” sub-scale of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Compared to controls, who performed much better in the low vs. high cognitive load condition, patients showed a smaller accuracy difference between the two conditions. Moreover, patients showed less sympathetic (lower peri-orbital and higher nasal tip temperature) activity (especially in the negative and neutral blocks) during the high vs. low cognitive load condition, suggesting that the former condition might be less emotionally demanding for them. Patients benefit more than controls from the load-dependent interference effect when dealing with emotional information; thus, therapeutic techniques aiming at teaching how to use cognitive strategies to downregulate emotions might be particularly appropriated for them

Cognitive load and emotional processing in psoriasis: a thermal imaging study / Panasiti, Maria Serena; Ponsi, Giorgia; Monachesi, Bianca; Lorenzini, Luigi; Panasiti, Vincenzo; Aglioti, Salvatore Maria. - In: EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0014-4819. - 237:1(2019), pp. 211-222. [10.1007/s00221-018-5416-y]

Cognitive load and emotional processing in psoriasis: a thermal imaging study

Panasiti, Maria Serena
;
Ponsi, Giorgia;Monachesi, Bianca;Panasiti, Vincenzo;Aglioti, Salvatore Maria
2019

Abstract

Psoriasis is a chronic dermatologic disease which is frequently associated with psychological distress. Although studies suggest a relationship between this condition and difficulties in emotion regulation, behavioral and physiological evidence about this link is scarce. We measured implicit emotion regulation abilities of psoriasis patients and a healthy control group by examining the impact of distracting emotional (positive, negative or neutral) images on a working memory task (“Emotional N-Back”) which could present high (2-back) or low (1-back) cognitive workload. Moreover, we used Functional Infrared Thermal Imaging to record participants’ facial temperature and obtain a measure of the activation of the autonomic system. Rising of temperature over the peri-orbital areas and the nose tip are believed to reflect the activation and the de-activation of the sympathetic system, respectively. Patients scored higher than controls on the “Lack of emotional clarity” sub-scale of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Compared to controls, who performed much better in the low vs. high cognitive load condition, patients showed a smaller accuracy difference between the two conditions. Moreover, patients showed less sympathetic (lower peri-orbital and higher nasal tip temperature) activity (especially in the negative and neutral blocks) during the high vs. low cognitive load condition, suggesting that the former condition might be less emotionally demanding for them. Patients benefit more than controls from the load-dependent interference effect when dealing with emotional information; thus, therapeutic techniques aiming at teaching how to use cognitive strategies to downregulate emotions might be particularly appropriated for them
cognitive load; emotion regulation; psoriasis; thermal imaging; working memory; Neuroscience (all)
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cognitive load and emotional processing in psoriasis: a thermal imaging study / Panasiti, Maria Serena; Ponsi, Giorgia; Monachesi, Bianca; Lorenzini, Luigi; Panasiti, Vincenzo; Aglioti, Salvatore Maria. - In: EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0014-4819. - 237:1(2019), pp. 211-222. [10.1007/s00221-018-5416-y]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Panasiti_Cognitive_2019.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 988.84 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
988.84 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Panasiti_Cognitive_post-print_2019.pdf

Open Access dal 30/10/2019

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print (versione successiva alla peer review e accettata per la pubblicazione)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 292.64 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
292.64 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1190603
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact