Literature shows how some groups of populations, among which are people seeking international protection and refugees, find it difficult to access services in national health systems. Usually, asylum seekers have limited Health Literacy (HL), which makes understanding the appropriate health information difficult. The objective of this research is to consider the relationship between how people requesting international protection and refugees approach the Italian Health System to request health services and their level of Functional Health Literacy (FHL). These relationships are examined through mixed methods. Data were obtained using several tools: a self-administered questionnaire in which the subjects revealed social and demographic data and a face-to-face interview together with the S-FHL Scale fulfilment in order to identify the functional level of HL. Twenty-one subjects were interviewed in two Centers of Protection System for Asylum Seekers and Refugees (SPRAR). Results show a picture of the actual situation. Data report a problematic or insufficient FHL level. Some factors, such as gender, age and health perceptions, play a role in the FHL levels. Some racial prejudices were reported. Language barriers had the most impact on the communication gap. Nevertheless, none of the subjects were denied health services. In conclusion, although this study is a pilot, we have experienced difficulty in obtaining asylum seekers’ trust to be open about their experience. This explains the number of the sample that should be more indicated for a qualitative study. Our results are in accordance with literature for inadequate level of FHL and lack of knowledge of the Italian Health System. This study highlighted several other issues to be taken into consideration for future research on the subject.

Functional health literacy of asylum seekers and refugees. A pilot study in italy / Marchetti, Giulia; Sorrentino, Milena; Marucci, ANNA RITA; Galeoto, Giovanni; Marceca, Maurizio; Sansoni, Julita. - NUR2017-2411:(2018), pp. 1-22. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 3rd annual international conference on nursing tenutosi a Athens, Greece.

Functional health literacy of asylum seekers and refugees. A pilot study in italy

Giulia Marchetti;Milena Sorrentino;Anna Rita Marucci;Giovanni Galeoto;Maurizio Marceca;Julita Sansoni
2018

Abstract

Literature shows how some groups of populations, among which are people seeking international protection and refugees, find it difficult to access services in national health systems. Usually, asylum seekers have limited Health Literacy (HL), which makes understanding the appropriate health information difficult. The objective of this research is to consider the relationship between how people requesting international protection and refugees approach the Italian Health System to request health services and their level of Functional Health Literacy (FHL). These relationships are examined through mixed methods. Data were obtained using several tools: a self-administered questionnaire in which the subjects revealed social and demographic data and a face-to-face interview together with the S-FHL Scale fulfilment in order to identify the functional level of HL. Twenty-one subjects were interviewed in two Centers of Protection System for Asylum Seekers and Refugees (SPRAR). Results show a picture of the actual situation. Data report a problematic or insufficient FHL level. Some factors, such as gender, age and health perceptions, play a role in the FHL levels. Some racial prejudices were reported. Language barriers had the most impact on the communication gap. Nevertheless, none of the subjects were denied health services. In conclusion, although this study is a pilot, we have experienced difficulty in obtaining asylum seekers’ trust to be open about their experience. This explains the number of the sample that should be more indicated for a qualitative study. Our results are in accordance with literature for inadequate level of FHL and lack of knowledge of the Italian Health System. This study highlighted several other issues to be taken into consideration for future research on the subject.
3rd annual international conference on nursing
access to health care; asylum seekers; health literacy; health services; refugees
04 Pubblicazione in atti di convegno::04b Atto di convegno in volume
Functional health literacy of asylum seekers and refugees. A pilot study in italy / Marchetti, Giulia; Sorrentino, Milena; Marucci, ANNA RITA; Galeoto, Giovanni; Marceca, Maurizio; Sansoni, Julita. - NUR2017-2411:(2018), pp. 1-22. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 3rd annual international conference on nursing tenutosi a Athens, Greece.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1186480
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