In this study the presence of brain antiganglioside antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with HIV infection was analysed. CSF samples were collected from 45 patients with AIDS and from 45 anti-HIV negative subjects, 15 of whom presented aseptic meningitis. Nineteen AIDS patients had clinically well-documented encephalopathy. Thirteen of these patients had white matter lesions shown by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Both IgG and IgM antiganglioside antibodies were detected by immunostaining on thin layer chromatography plates in three CSF samples from AIDS patients with progressive encephalopathy with signs of a diffuse demyelination, as revealed by MRI. Two of these CSF samples reacted specifically with GM3, GM1 and GD1a and one with GD1a. In none of the HIV infected patients without demyelinating encephalopathy, but with opportunistic infections or cerebral lymphoma, nor in the anti-HIV negative control subjects were antiganglioside antibodies detected. No association with JCV DNA, CMV DNA, EBV DNA, detected by nested PCR, nor HIV antigen p24 was found. These findings show the presence of brain antiganglioside antibodies in the CSF of AIDS patients for the first time. However, the findings do not suggest relating the presence of these antibodies to HIV encephalopathy or particular viral agents, but indicate that the antibodies are detectable in subjects with progressive encephalopathy with a diffuse demyelination.
Cerebrospinal fluid antiganglioside antibodies in patients with AIDS / Sorice, Maurizio; Griggi, T; Circella, A; Nicodemo, G; Ciardi, Maria Rosa; Mastroianni, Claudio Maria; Lenti, L; Sorice, F.. - In: INFECTION. - ISSN 0300-8126. - 23(5)(1995), pp. 288-291. [10.1007/BF01716288]