Viscous fluid damping has been used worldwide to provide energy dissipation to structures during earthquakes. Semi-active dissipation devices have also shown significant potential to re-shape structural hysteresis behaviour and thus provide significant response and damage reduction. However, semi-active devices are far more complex and costly than passive devices, and thus potentially less robust over time. Ideally, a passive device design would provide the unique response behaviour of a semi-active device, but in a far more robust and low-cost device. This study presents the design, development and characterization of a passive Direction and Displacement Dependent viscous damping (D3) device. It can provide viscous damping in any single quadrant of the force-displacement hysteresis loop and any two in combination. Previously, this behaviour could only be obtained with a semi-active device. The D3 device is developed from a typical viscous damper, which is tested to evaluate the baseline of orifice sizing, force levels and velocity dependence. This prototype viscous damper is then modified in clear steps to produce a device with the desired single quadrant hysteresis loop. The overall results provide the design approach, device characterization and validation for this novel device design.

Passive direction displacement dependent damping (D3) device / Hazaveh, Nikoo K.; Rodgers, Geoffrey W.; Geoffrey Chase, J.; Pampanin, Stefano. - In: BULLETIN OF THE NEW ZEALAND SOCIETY FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1174-9857. - 51:2(2018), pp. 105-112.

Passive direction displacement dependent damping (D3) device

Stefano Pampanin
2018

Abstract

Viscous fluid damping has been used worldwide to provide energy dissipation to structures during earthquakes. Semi-active dissipation devices have also shown significant potential to re-shape structural hysteresis behaviour and thus provide significant response and damage reduction. However, semi-active devices are far more complex and costly than passive devices, and thus potentially less robust over time. Ideally, a passive device design would provide the unique response behaviour of a semi-active device, but in a far more robust and low-cost device. This study presents the design, development and characterization of a passive Direction and Displacement Dependent viscous damping (D3) device. It can provide viscous damping in any single quadrant of the force-displacement hysteresis loop and any two in combination. Previously, this behaviour could only be obtained with a semi-active device. The D3 device is developed from a typical viscous damper, which is tested to evaluate the baseline of orifice sizing, force levels and velocity dependence. This prototype viscous damper is then modified in clear steps to produce a device with the desired single quadrant hysteresis loop. The overall results provide the design approach, device characterization and validation for this novel device design.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1182832
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