Bile salts (BSs) are naturally occurring rigid surfactants with a steroidal skeleton and specific self-assembly and interface behaviors. Using bile salts as precursors, derivatives can be synthesized to obtain molecules with specific functionalities and amphiphilic structure. Modifications on single molecules are normally performed by substituting the least-hindered hydroxyl group on carbon C-3 of the steroidal A ring or at the end of the lateral chain. This leads to monosteroidal rigid building blocks that are often able to self-organize into 1D structures such as tubules, twisted ribbons, and fibrils with helical supramolecular packing. Tubular aggregates are of particular interest, and they are characterized by cross-section inner diameters spanning a wide range of values (3-500 nm). They can form through appealing pH- or temperature-responsive aggregation and in mixtures of bile salt derivatives to provide mixed tubules with tunable charge and size. Other derivatives can be prepared by covalently linking two or more bile salt molecules to provide complex systems such as oligomers, dendrimers, and polymeric materials. The unconventional amphiphilic molecular structure imparts specific features to BSs and derivatives that can be exploited in the formulation of capsules, drug carriers, dispersants, and templates for the synthesis of nanomaterials. © 2018 American Chemical Society.

Bile salts: natural surfactants and precursors of a broad family of complex amphiphiles / Di Gregorio, Maria Chiara; Travaglini, Leana; Del Giudice, Alessandra; Cautela, Jacopo; Pavel, Nicolae Viorel; Galantini, Luciano. - In: LANGMUIR. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 35:21(2019), pp. 6803-6821. [10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b02657]

Bile salts: natural surfactants and precursors of a broad family of complex amphiphiles

Di Gregorio, Maria Chiara;Del Giudice, Alessandra;Cautela, Jacopo;Pavel, Nicolae Viorel;Galantini, Luciano
2019

Abstract

Bile salts (BSs) are naturally occurring rigid surfactants with a steroidal skeleton and specific self-assembly and interface behaviors. Using bile salts as precursors, derivatives can be synthesized to obtain molecules with specific functionalities and amphiphilic structure. Modifications on single molecules are normally performed by substituting the least-hindered hydroxyl group on carbon C-3 of the steroidal A ring or at the end of the lateral chain. This leads to monosteroidal rigid building blocks that are often able to self-organize into 1D structures such as tubules, twisted ribbons, and fibrils with helical supramolecular packing. Tubular aggregates are of particular interest, and they are characterized by cross-section inner diameters spanning a wide range of values (3-500 nm). They can form through appealing pH- or temperature-responsive aggregation and in mixtures of bile salt derivatives to provide mixed tubules with tunable charge and size. Other derivatives can be prepared by covalently linking two or more bile salt molecules to provide complex systems such as oligomers, dendrimers, and polymeric materials. The unconventional amphiphilic molecular structure imparts specific features to BSs and derivatives that can be exploited in the formulation of capsules, drug carriers, dispersants, and templates for the synthesis of nanomaterials. © 2018 American Chemical Society.
bile acids and salts; body fluids; sodium cholate
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Bile salts: natural surfactants and precursors of a broad family of complex amphiphiles / Di Gregorio, Maria Chiara; Travaglini, Leana; Del Giudice, Alessandra; Cautela, Jacopo; Pavel, Nicolae Viorel; Galantini, Luciano. - In: LANGMUIR. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 35:21(2019), pp. 6803-6821. [10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b02657]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1182747
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