A novel approach, based on micro X-ray fluorescence (μXRF), was developed to define an efficient and fast automatic recognition procedure finalized to detect and topologically assess the presence of the different elements in waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). More specifically, selected end-of-life (EOL) iPhone printed circuit boards (PCB) were investigated, whose technological improvement during time, can dramatically influence the recycling strategies (i.e. presence of different electronic components, in terms of size, shape, disposition and related elemental content). The implemented μXRF-based techniques allow to preliminary set up simple and fast quality control strategies based on the full recognition and characterization of precious and rare earth elements as detected inside the electronic boards. Furthermore, the proposed approach allows to identify the presence and the physical-chemical attributes of the other materials (i.e. mainly polymers), influencing the further physical-mechanical processing steps addressed to realize a pre-concentration of the valuable elements inside the PCB milled fractions, before the final chemical recovery.

Integrated micro X-ray fluorescence and chemometric analysis for printed circuit boards recycling / Serranti, Silvia; Bonifazi, Giuseppe; Capobianco, Giuseppe. - In: DETRITUS. - ISSN 2611-4135. - 1(2018), pp. 38-47. [10.26403/detritus/2018.4]

Integrated micro X-ray fluorescence and chemometric analysis for printed circuit boards recycling

silvia serranti
;
giuseppe bonifazi;giuseppe capobianco
2018

Abstract

A novel approach, based on micro X-ray fluorescence (μXRF), was developed to define an efficient and fast automatic recognition procedure finalized to detect and topologically assess the presence of the different elements in waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). More specifically, selected end-of-life (EOL) iPhone printed circuit boards (PCB) were investigated, whose technological improvement during time, can dramatically influence the recycling strategies (i.e. presence of different electronic components, in terms of size, shape, disposition and related elemental content). The implemented μXRF-based techniques allow to preliminary set up simple and fast quality control strategies based on the full recognition and characterization of precious and rare earth elements as detected inside the electronic boards. Furthermore, the proposed approach allows to identify the presence and the physical-chemical attributes of the other materials (i.e. mainly polymers), influencing the further physical-mechanical processing steps addressed to realize a pre-concentration of the valuable elements inside the PCB milled fractions, before the final chemical recovery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1176270
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