Energy costs, carbon dioxide emissions, security of supply and system stability are common challenges in small islands. Many European islands have become pilot sites of energy innovation, but this green transition goes slowly in other ones usually not connected to the national grid. This study investigates the economic and environmental sustainability related to the integration of hydrogen and batteries storage in small islands, considering at the same time the use of the stored hydrogen for fuelling Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles and Hydrogen Compressed Natural Gas vehicles to meet electricity and public transportation demand of islands, so as to increase the Renewable Energy Sources penetration level. Selecting the island of Favignana (Italy) as case study, HOMER software has been used to carry out the energy analysis of different scenarios, in order to identify the most effective energy solution from both technological and economical point of views. Using economic and environmental indicators, the outcomes show that the implementation of a hybrid storage system with batteries and electrolyser can be an adequate and reliable option for increasing energy independency of small island and decarbonizing transport sector optimizing economic and environmental sustainability.

Analysing economic and environmental sustainability related to the use of battery and hydrogen energy storages for increasing the energy independence of small islands / Groppi, Daniele; ASTIASO GARCIA, Davide; LO BASSO, Gianluigi; Cumo, Fabrizio; DE SANTOLI, Livio. - In: ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0196-8904. - 177:(2018), pp. 64-76. [10.1016/j.enconman.2018.09.063]

Analysing economic and environmental sustainability related to the use of battery and hydrogen energy storages for increasing the energy independence of small islands

daniele groppi;davide astiaso garcia;gianluigi lo basso;fabrizio cumo;livio de santoli
2018

Abstract

Energy costs, carbon dioxide emissions, security of supply and system stability are common challenges in small islands. Many European islands have become pilot sites of energy innovation, but this green transition goes slowly in other ones usually not connected to the national grid. This study investigates the economic and environmental sustainability related to the integration of hydrogen and batteries storage in small islands, considering at the same time the use of the stored hydrogen for fuelling Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles and Hydrogen Compressed Natural Gas vehicles to meet electricity and public transportation demand of islands, so as to increase the Renewable Energy Sources penetration level. Selecting the island of Favignana (Italy) as case study, HOMER software has been used to carry out the energy analysis of different scenarios, in order to identify the most effective energy solution from both technological and economical point of views. Using economic and environmental indicators, the outcomes show that the implementation of a hybrid storage system with batteries and electrolyser can be an adequate and reliable option for increasing energy independency of small island and decarbonizing transport sector optimizing economic and environmental sustainability.
fuel cell electric vehicles; HOMER simulation; hybrid systems; hydrogen storage; smart energy island; smart energy system; renewable energy, sustainability and the environment; nuclear energy and engineering; fuel technology; energy engineering and power technology
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Analysing economic and environmental sustainability related to the use of battery and hydrogen energy storages for increasing the energy independence of small islands / Groppi, Daniele; ASTIASO GARCIA, Davide; LO BASSO, Gianluigi; Cumo, Fabrizio; DE SANTOLI, Livio. - In: ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0196-8904. - 177:(2018), pp. 64-76. [10.1016/j.enconman.2018.09.063]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1167208
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