Damage in membrane lipids induced by low doses of ionizing radiation in the presence of oxygen has been detected in rabbit erythrocyte ghosts labelled with 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH). Multifrequency phase and modulation fluorometry was used to measure DPH fluorescence lifetime. This technique is particularly suited for the observation of heterogeneous fluorescence decays. DPH decay in erythrocyte membranes is described by a two-component continuous distribution of lifetimes. The value of the distribution width of the long-lived component is found to be affected by radiation-induced membrane lipid damage at doses as low as 0.5 Gy, well within the dose range used to measure cell survival. The width of the DPH lifetime distribution decreases when the ghosts are irradiated in the presence of oxygen. Such a decrease is a linear function of the logarithm of the dose. After a dose of 110 Gy and above, the fractional intensity of the short-lived component of the DPH decay increases linearly, indicating severe membrane damage. Experiments performed in the absence of oxygen do not show any change in the fluorescence parameters up to a dose of 550 Gy. The molecular identification of the produced damage has not been accomplished, but the necessity of oxygen to observe the damage suggests that hydroperoxides and lipids crosslinks are produced.
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|Titolo:||Alteration in erytrocyte membrane lipids induced by low doses of ionizing radiation as revealed by 1,6-diphenil-1,3,5-hexatriene fluorescence lifetime|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|