The research investigates the dynamics of the Renaissance appearance in Poitiers and in the surrounding area, in the period between the end of the 15th and the first half of the 16th century. In particular, the identification of the peculiar characteristics of the architecture was achieved favoring the analysis of the most widespread type in the urban context, the hôtel. As the main pole of the historical Poitou province, Poitiers has known an intense architectural activity since the end of the 15th century, nevertheless, the Renaissance city remains essentially unexamined, unlike the medieval and 17th century ones. The aim of my research is to fill this historiographical gap by analyzing the architectural production from the flamboyant age to that of those centers, not far away, such as Tours and Blois, where the Renaissance sees its first flourishing. To understand the modality of migration of the Italian Renaissance model in the Poitiers region, were first examined the architectural complexes of the Early Renaissance which represent the paradigm for the whole region and the related commissions, that were receptive to the importation of classical canons. These analyses were conducted comparing times and processes of diffusion with the vicissitudes of the centers of the Loire Valley. Subsequently, starting from an historical and urban study, the construction typology of the hôtel was analyzed at a local level. This hôtel represents the town residence model of the French bourgeoisie, whose economic and political power increased during the 15th century. The Poitiers’s architectural corpus, here considered, consists of about fifty residential complexes, built starting from the end of the 15th century: starting from such a considerable panorama, the research focused on the monographic study of four architectures, emblems of the change of stylistic language. Starting from the flamboyant Fumé hôtel, the investigation passed through the Berthelot and the d’Estissac hôtels, considered to be the first Renaissance buildings, to finally reach the Beaucé hôtel, that reflects the mature French Renaissance formal solutions. In addition, the chapels built at Notre-Dame-La-Grande, Saint-Germain, Saint-Hilaire and the castles of the Fumé, Berthelot and d’Estissac families were analyzed in the context of the study of the commissions. The research approach followed the modus operandi developed by the Roman School of Architecture of “Sapienza” University of Rome, which combines archival research and an analysis of the textual and iconographic sources with the direct study of the buildings, characterized by architectural survey and by the examination of both construction phases and materials. The joint-PhD program with “Sorbonne Université” as well as the attendance of the “Center André Chastel” were fundamental to frame the research in the French historiographical field.
|Titolo:||L’architettura del Rinascimento a Poitiers: la ricezione del linguaggio architettonico all’antica negli edifici residenziali tra la fine del Quattrocento e la metà del Cinquecento|
|Data di discussione:||28-giu-2018|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||07a Tesi di Dottorato|