The sense of smell has a high impact on the quality of life. The aim of the present study was to investigate olfactory dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and correlate the severity of disease with olfactory dysfunction. The relationships between nasal obstruction, nasal mucociliary cleareance and olfactory tests were also evaluated. Sixty patients with a diagnosis of OSAS were enrolled and underwent olfactory function evaluation. In all patients olfactory performance was tested with the Sniffin’ Sticks method. Mucociliary transport times and anterior rhinomanometry were performed to identify eventual nasal obstruction and deficits in nasal mucociliary clearance. Olfactory dysfunction was present in 22 (36.6%) patients of the study group: of these, hyposmia was present in 19 (86.4%) and anosmia in 3 (13.6%). The mean TDI score in the study group was 30. A strong correlation between the olfactory dysfunction and severity of sleep apnoea measured using the AHI was found. Patients with OSA would seem to have a high incidence of olfactory dysfunction. The degree of olfactory dysfunction appears to be related to the severity of disease. However, other co-factors such as nasal obstruction and reduced mucociliary clearance might also play a role in of the aetiology of this condition.

Olfactory evaluation in obstructive sleep apnoea patients / Magliulo, Giuseppe; de Vincentiis, M.; Iannella, G.; CIOFALO, Andrea; PASQUARIELLO, BENEDETTA; Manno, A.; ANGELETTI, DILETTA; Polimeni, A.. - In: ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA. - ISSN 0392-100X. - 38:4(2018), pp. 338-345. [10.14639/0392-100X-1981]

Olfactory evaluation in obstructive sleep apnoea patients

Magliulo, Giuseppe
Primo
;
de Vincentiis, M.
Secondo
;
Iannella, G.;CIOFALO, Andrea;PASQUARIELLO, BENEDETTA;ANGELETTI, DILETTA
Penultimo
;
Polimeni, A.
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

The sense of smell has a high impact on the quality of life. The aim of the present study was to investigate olfactory dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and correlate the severity of disease with olfactory dysfunction. The relationships between nasal obstruction, nasal mucociliary cleareance and olfactory tests were also evaluated. Sixty patients with a diagnosis of OSAS were enrolled and underwent olfactory function evaluation. In all patients olfactory performance was tested with the Sniffin’ Sticks method. Mucociliary transport times and anterior rhinomanometry were performed to identify eventual nasal obstruction and deficits in nasal mucociliary clearance. Olfactory dysfunction was present in 22 (36.6%) patients of the study group: of these, hyposmia was present in 19 (86.4%) and anosmia in 3 (13.6%). The mean TDI score in the study group was 30. A strong correlation between the olfactory dysfunction and severity of sleep apnoea measured using the AHI was found. Patients with OSA would seem to have a high incidence of olfactory dysfunction. The degree of olfactory dysfunction appears to be related to the severity of disease. However, other co-factors such as nasal obstruction and reduced mucociliary clearance might also play a role in of the aetiology of this condition.
2018
anterior rhinomanometry; nasal mucociliary clearance; obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome; olfactory dysfunction; sniffin’ sticks
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Olfactory evaluation in obstructive sleep apnoea patients / Magliulo, Giuseppe; de Vincentiis, M.; Iannella, G.; CIOFALO, Andrea; PASQUARIELLO, BENEDETTA; Manno, A.; ANGELETTI, DILETTA; Polimeni, A.. - In: ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA. - ISSN 0392-100X. - 38:4(2018), pp. 338-345. [10.14639/0392-100X-1981]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1137653
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