Background For selected patients with rectal cancer, endoluminal locoregional resection (ELRR) by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) may be an alternative treatment option to laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME). Few data are available on quality of life (QoL) after LTME and TEM. This study aimed to compare shortand medium-term QoL for T1 rectal cancer patients undergoing LTME or ELRR by TEM. Methods This study investigated 35 patients with T1N0 rectal cancer who underwent TEM (n = 17) or LTME (n = 18). Quality of life was evaluated by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-C38 questionnaires preoperatively and then 1, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Results Observation 1 month after LTME showed worsening in all items of both questionnaires. After ELRR, the QLQ-CR38 showed worsening of gastrointestinal (p = 0.005) and defecation problems (p = 0.001), and the QLQ-C30 showed worsening of global health status (p = 0.014), physical functioning (p = 0.02) role functioning (p = 0.003), fatigue (p = 0.002), and pain (p = 0.001). The QLQ-CR38 6 months after LTME showed worsening of body image (p = 0.009), micturition (p = 0.035), and gastrointestinal problems (p = 0.011), and the QLQ-C30 showed worsening of physical functioning (p = 0.003), role functioning (p = 0.002), fatigue (p = 0.004), and nausea/vomiting (p = 0.030). After ELRR, neither the QLQ-CR38 nor the QLQ-C30 questionnaire showed any worsening but demonstrated improvement in global health status and physical functioning. The QLQ-CR38 12 months after LTME showed significant improvement in defecation problems (p = 0.004) and weight loss (p = 0.003), and the QLQ-C30 showed significant improvement in global health status (p = 0.001), nausea and vomiting (p = 0.003), and pain (p = 0.005). After ELRR, the QLQ-C30 showed improvement in emotional functioning (p = 0.012), whereas no significant difference was observed by the QLQ-C38. Conclusions Functional sequelae are present up to 1 month only after ELRR by TEM and up to 6 months after LTME. At 12 months, neither procedure showed a significant difference in QoL compared with preoperative status. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.

Quality-of-life impairment after endoluminal locoregional resection and laparoscopic total mesorectal excision / Lezoche, Emanuele; Paganini, Alessandro M.; Fabiani, Bernardina; Balla, Andrea; Vestri, Anna Rita; Pescatori, Lorenzo; Scoglio, Daniele; D'Ambrosio, Giancarlo; Lezoche, Giovanni. - In: SURGICAL ENDOSCOPY. - ISSN 0930-2794. - STAMPA. - 28:1(2014), pp. 227-234. [10.1007/s00464-013-3166-2]

Quality-of-life impairment after endoluminal locoregional resection and laparoscopic total mesorectal excision

Lezoche, Emanuele;Paganini, Alessandro M.;FABIANI, BERNARDINA;Balla, Andrea;VESTRI, Anna Rita;PESCATORI, Lorenzo;SCOGLIO, DANIELE;D'Ambrosio, Giancarlo;LEZOCHE, Giovanni
2014

Abstract

Background For selected patients with rectal cancer, endoluminal locoregional resection (ELRR) by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) may be an alternative treatment option to laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME). Few data are available on quality of life (QoL) after LTME and TEM. This study aimed to compare shortand medium-term QoL for T1 rectal cancer patients undergoing LTME or ELRR by TEM. Methods This study investigated 35 patients with T1N0 rectal cancer who underwent TEM (n = 17) or LTME (n = 18). Quality of life was evaluated by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-C38 questionnaires preoperatively and then 1, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Results Observation 1 month after LTME showed worsening in all items of both questionnaires. After ELRR, the QLQ-CR38 showed worsening of gastrointestinal (p = 0.005) and defecation problems (p = 0.001), and the QLQ-C30 showed worsening of global health status (p = 0.014), physical functioning (p = 0.02) role functioning (p = 0.003), fatigue (p = 0.002), and pain (p = 0.001). The QLQ-CR38 6 months after LTME showed worsening of body image (p = 0.009), micturition (p = 0.035), and gastrointestinal problems (p = 0.011), and the QLQ-C30 showed worsening of physical functioning (p = 0.003), role functioning (p = 0.002), fatigue (p = 0.004), and nausea/vomiting (p = 0.030). After ELRR, neither the QLQ-CR38 nor the QLQ-C30 questionnaire showed any worsening but demonstrated improvement in global health status and physical functioning. The QLQ-CR38 12 months after LTME showed significant improvement in defecation problems (p = 0.004) and weight loss (p = 0.003), and the QLQ-C30 showed significant improvement in global health status (p = 0.001), nausea and vomiting (p = 0.003), and pain (p = 0.005). After ELRR, the QLQ-C30 showed improvement in emotional functioning (p = 0.012), whereas no significant difference was observed by the QLQ-C38. Conclusions Functional sequelae are present up to 1 month only after ELRR by TEM and up to 6 months after LTME. At 12 months, neither procedure showed a significant difference in QoL compared with preoperative status. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1134294
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