The dysregulation of PD-1 ligands (PD-L1 and PD-L2) and CTLA-4 ligands (CD80 and CD86) represents a tumor strategy to escape the immune surveillance. Here, the expression of PD-L1, PD-L2, CD80 and CD86 was evaluated at mRNA level in 94 patients affected by papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and 11 patients affected by anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC). Variations in the mRNAs in PTC patients were then correlated with clinicopathological features. The expression of all genes was deregulated in PTC and ATC tissues compared to normal tissues. In particular, the down-regulation of CD80 was observed in above all ATC. In addition, the increased expression of CD80 associated to longer disease-free survival in PTC. Higher expression of PD-L1 associated with the classical histological variant and with the presence of BRAFV600E mutation in PTC. The increased PD-L2 expression correlated with BRAFV600E mutation and lymph node metastasis, while its lower expression correlated with the follicular PTC variant. The latter was also associated with the CD80 down-regulation, which was also related to the absence of lymph node metastasis. In conclusion, we documented the overall dysregulation of PD-1 and CTLA-4 ligands in PTC and ATC tissues and a possible prognostic value for CD80 gene expression in PTC.

CTLA-4 and PD-1 ligand gene expression in epithelial thyroid cancers / Tuccilli, Chiara; Baldini, Enke; Sorrenti, Salvatore; Catania, Antonio; Antonelli, Alessandro; Fallahi, Poupak; Tartaglia, Francesco; Barollo, Susi; Mian, Caterina; Palmieri, Andrea; Carbotta, Giovanni; Arcieri, Stefano; Pironi, Daniele; Vergine, Massimo; Monti, Massimo; Ulisse, Salvatore. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1687-8337. - ELETTRONICO. - 2018:(2018). [10.1155/2018/1742951]

CTLA-4 and PD-1 ligand gene expression in epithelial thyroid cancers

TUCCILLI, CHIARA;BALDINI, ENKE;SORRENTI, Salvatore;Catania, Antonio;TARTAGLIA, Francesco;PALMIERI, ANDREA;CARBOTTA, GIOVANNI;ARCIERI, Stefano;Pironi, Daniele;VERGINE, Massimo;MONTI, Massimo;ULISSE, SALVATORE
2018

Abstract

The dysregulation of PD-1 ligands (PD-L1 and PD-L2) and CTLA-4 ligands (CD80 and CD86) represents a tumor strategy to escape the immune surveillance. Here, the expression of PD-L1, PD-L2, CD80 and CD86 was evaluated at mRNA level in 94 patients affected by papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and 11 patients affected by anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC). Variations in the mRNAs in PTC patients were then correlated with clinicopathological features. The expression of all genes was deregulated in PTC and ATC tissues compared to normal tissues. In particular, the down-regulation of CD80 was observed in above all ATC. In addition, the increased expression of CD80 associated to longer disease-free survival in PTC. Higher expression of PD-L1 associated with the classical histological variant and with the presence of BRAFV600E mutation in PTC. The increased PD-L2 expression correlated with BRAFV600E mutation and lymph node metastasis, while its lower expression correlated with the follicular PTC variant. The latter was also associated with the CD80 down-regulation, which was also related to the absence of lymph node metastasis. In conclusion, we documented the overall dysregulation of PD-1 and CTLA-4 ligands in PTC and ATC tissues and a possible prognostic value for CD80 gene expression in PTC.
2018
Thyroid cancer; Prognosis; PD-1; CTLA-4.
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
CTLA-4 and PD-1 ligand gene expression in epithelial thyroid cancers / Tuccilli, Chiara; Baldini, Enke; Sorrenti, Salvatore; Catania, Antonio; Antonelli, Alessandro; Fallahi, Poupak; Tartaglia, Francesco; Barollo, Susi; Mian, Caterina; Palmieri, Andrea; Carbotta, Giovanni; Arcieri, Stefano; Pironi, Daniele; Vergine, Massimo; Monti, Massimo; Ulisse, Salvatore. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1687-8337. - ELETTRONICO. - 2018:(2018). [10.1155/2018/1742951]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1132357
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