Objective To directly compare fingolimod (FNG) and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on no evident disease activity (NEDA) status in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) from 7 multiple sclerosis outpatient clinics in Central Italy. Methods We analyzed data of patients with RRMS who started an oral agent, namely DMF or FNG, either as first treatment (naives) or after switching from self-injectable drugs (switchers). We performed a propensity score (PS)–based nearest-neighbor matching within a caliper of 0.05 to select patients with homogeneous baseline characteristics. Pairwise censoring was adopted to adjust for difference in length of follow-up between the 2 treatment groups. Comparisons were then conducted in matched samples with Cox models (stratified by center) with NEDA-3 as the main outcome. NEDA-3 was defined as no relapses, no disability worsening, and no MRI activity. Results Overall, 483 and 456 patients eligible for analysis started on FNG and DMF, respectively. The PS-matching procedure retained a total of 550 patients (275 per group). After a median on-study follow-up of 18 months, the proportions of patients with NEDA-3 were similar (FNG 73%, DMF 70%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.74, p = 0.078). Subgroup analyses showed a comparable effectiveness of the 2 drugs in naives (n = 170, HR 1.15, p = 0.689), whereas FNG was superior to DMF in the achievement of NEDA-3 status among switchers (n = 380, HR 0.57, p = 0.007). Conclusion We found no significant difference between FNG and DMF on NEDA-3 status, while subgroup analyses suggest the superiority of FNG over DMF in patients switching from self-injectable drugs.

Fingolimod vs dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis. a real-world propensity score-matched study / Prosperini, Luca; Lucchini, Matteo; Haggiag, Shalom; Bellantonio, Paolo; Bianco, Assunta; Buscarinu, Maria Chiara; Buttari, Fabio; Centonze, Diego; Cortese, Antonio; De Giglio, Laura; Fantozzi, Roberta; Ferraro, Elisabetta; Fornasiero, Arianna; Francia, Ada; Galgani, Simonetta; Gasperini, Claudio; Marfia, Girolama Alessandra; Millefiorini, Enrico; Nociti, Viviana; Pontecorvo, Simona; Pozzilli, Carlo; Ruggieri, Serena; Salvetti, Marco; Sgarlata, Eleonora; Mirabella, Massimiliano. - In: NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0028-3878. - ELETTRONICO. - 91:2(2018), pp. e153-e161. [10.1212/WNL.0000000000005772]

Fingolimod vs dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis. a real-world propensity score-matched study

Prosperini, Luca;Haggiag, Shalom;BELLANTONIO, Paolo;Buscarinu, Maria Chiara;Cortese, Antonio;De Giglio, Laura;Fornasiero, Arianna;Francia, Ada;Gasperini, Claudio;Millefiorini, Enrico;Pontecorvo, Simona;Pozzilli, Carlo;Ruggieri, Serena;Salvetti, Marco;Sgarlata, Eleonora;
2018

Abstract

Objective To directly compare fingolimod (FNG) and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on no evident disease activity (NEDA) status in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) from 7 multiple sclerosis outpatient clinics in Central Italy. Methods We analyzed data of patients with RRMS who started an oral agent, namely DMF or FNG, either as first treatment (naives) or after switching from self-injectable drugs (switchers). We performed a propensity score (PS)–based nearest-neighbor matching within a caliper of 0.05 to select patients with homogeneous baseline characteristics. Pairwise censoring was adopted to adjust for difference in length of follow-up between the 2 treatment groups. Comparisons were then conducted in matched samples with Cox models (stratified by center) with NEDA-3 as the main outcome. NEDA-3 was defined as no relapses, no disability worsening, and no MRI activity. Results Overall, 483 and 456 patients eligible for analysis started on FNG and DMF, respectively. The PS-matching procedure retained a total of 550 patients (275 per group). After a median on-study follow-up of 18 months, the proportions of patients with NEDA-3 were similar (FNG 73%, DMF 70%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.74, p = 0.078). Subgroup analyses showed a comparable effectiveness of the 2 drugs in naives (n = 170, HR 1.15, p = 0.689), whereas FNG was superior to DMF in the achievement of NEDA-3 status among switchers (n = 380, HR 0.57, p = 0.007). Conclusion We found no significant difference between FNG and DMF on NEDA-3 status, while subgroup analyses suggest the superiority of FNG over DMF in patients switching from self-injectable drugs.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Prosperini_Fingolimod_2018.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 514.63 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
514.63 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1130073
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 18
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
social impact