Cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As), non essential, but toxic, elements for animals and plants are frequently present in paddy fields. Oryza sativa L., a staple food for at least the half of world population, easily absorbs As and Cd by the root, and in this organ the pollutants evoke consistent damages, reducing/modifying the root system. Auxins are key hormones in regulating all developmental processes, including root organogenesis. Moreover, plants respond to environmental stresses, such as those caused by Cd and As, by changing levels and distribution of endogenous phytohormones. Even though the effects of Cd and As on the roots have been investigated in some species, it remains necessary to deepen the knowledge about the cross-talk between these toxic elements and auxin during root formation and development, in particular in agronomically important plants, such as rice. Hence, the research goal was to investigate the interactions between Cd and As, alone or combined, and auxin during the development of rice roots. To reach the aim, morphological, histological and histochemical analyses were carried out on seedlings, exposed or not to Cd and/or As, belonging to the wild type and transgenic lines useful for monitoring indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) localization, i.e., OsDR5:GUS, and IAA cellular influx and efflux, i.e., OsAUX1:GUS and OsPIN5b:GUS. Moreover, the transcript levels of the YUCCA2 and ASA2, IAA biosynthetic genes were also monitored in Cd and/or As exposed wild type seedlings. The results highlight that As and Cd affect cyto-histology and morphology of the roots. In particular, they alter the lateral root primordia organization and development with negative consequences on root system architecture. This is due to a disturbance of IAA biosynthesis and transport, as indicated by the altered expression of both ASA2 and YUCCA2 biosynthetic genes, and AUX1 and PIN5b transporter genes.

Cadmium and arsenic affect root development in Oryza sativa L. negatively interacting with auxin / Ronzan, M.; Piacentini, D.; Fattorini, L.; Della Rovere, F.; Eiche, E.; Riemann, M.; Altamura, M. M.; Falasca, G.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY. - ISSN 0098-8472. - STAMPA. - 151:(2018), pp. 64-75. [10.1016/j.envexpbot.2018.04.008]

Cadmium and arsenic affect root development in Oryza sativa L. negatively interacting with auxin

Ronzan, M.;Piacentini, D.;Fattorini, L.;Della Rovere, F.;Altamura, M. M.;Falasca, G.
2018

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As), non essential, but toxic, elements for animals and plants are frequently present in paddy fields. Oryza sativa L., a staple food for at least the half of world population, easily absorbs As and Cd by the root, and in this organ the pollutants evoke consistent damages, reducing/modifying the root system. Auxins are key hormones in regulating all developmental processes, including root organogenesis. Moreover, plants respond to environmental stresses, such as those caused by Cd and As, by changing levels and distribution of endogenous phytohormones. Even though the effects of Cd and As on the roots have been investigated in some species, it remains necessary to deepen the knowledge about the cross-talk between these toxic elements and auxin during root formation and development, in particular in agronomically important plants, such as rice. Hence, the research goal was to investigate the interactions between Cd and As, alone or combined, and auxin during the development of rice roots. To reach the aim, morphological, histological and histochemical analyses were carried out on seedlings, exposed or not to Cd and/or As, belonging to the wild type and transgenic lines useful for monitoring indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) localization, i.e., OsDR5:GUS, and IAA cellular influx and efflux, i.e., OsAUX1:GUS and OsPIN5b:GUS. Moreover, the transcript levels of the YUCCA2 and ASA2, IAA biosynthetic genes were also monitored in Cd and/or As exposed wild type seedlings. The results highlight that As and Cd affect cyto-histology and morphology of the roots. In particular, they alter the lateral root primordia organization and development with negative consequences on root system architecture. This is due to a disturbance of IAA biosynthesis and transport, as indicated by the altered expression of both ASA2 and YUCCA2 biosynthetic genes, and AUX1 and PIN5b transporter genes.
Arsenic; Auxin; Cadmium; Oryza sativa; Root development; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; Agronomy and Crop Science; Plant Science
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cadmium and arsenic affect root development in Oryza sativa L. negatively interacting with auxin / Ronzan, M.; Piacentini, D.; Fattorini, L.; Della Rovere, F.; Eiche, E.; Riemann, M.; Altamura, M. M.; Falasca, G.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY. - ISSN 0098-8472. - STAMPA. - 151:(2018), pp. 64-75. [10.1016/j.envexpbot.2018.04.008]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1114503
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