Many active particles, both of biological and synthetic origin, can have a light controllable propulsion speed, a property that in biology is commonly referred to as photokinesis. Here we investigate directed transport of photokinetic particles by traveling light patterns. We find general expressions for the current in the cases where the motility wave, induced by light, shifts very slowly or very quickly. These asymptotic formulas are independent of the shape of the wave and are valid for a wide class of active particle models. Moreover we derive an exact solution for the one-dimensional "run and tumble" model. Our results could be used to design time-varying illumination patterns for fast and efficient spatial reconfiguration of photokinetic colloids or bacteria.

Currents and flux-inversion in photokinetic active particles / Maggi, Claudio; Angelani, Luca; Frangipane, Giacomo; Di Leonardo, Roberto. - In: SOFT MATTER. - ISSN 1744-683X. - (2018). [10.1039/c8sm00788h]

Currents and flux-inversion in photokinetic active particles

Maggi, Claudio
;
Angelani, Luca;Frangipane, Giacomo;Di Leonardo, Roberto
2018

Abstract

Many active particles, both of biological and synthetic origin, can have a light controllable propulsion speed, a property that in biology is commonly referred to as photokinesis. Here we investigate directed transport of photokinetic particles by traveling light patterns. We find general expressions for the current in the cases where the motility wave, induced by light, shifts very slowly or very quickly. These asymptotic formulas are independent of the shape of the wave and are valid for a wide class of active particle models. Moreover we derive an exact solution for the one-dimensional "run and tumble" model. Our results could be used to design time-varying illumination patterns for fast and efficient spatial reconfiguration of photokinetic colloids or bacteria.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1114214
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