The nitrogen cycle pathways are responsible for the circulation of inorganic and organic N-containing molecules in nature. Among these pathways, those involving amino acids, N-oxides and in particular nitric oxide (NO) play strategic roles in the metabolism of microorganisms in natural environments and in host-pathogen interactions. Beyond their role in the N-cycle, amino acids and NO are also signalling molecules able to influence group behaviour in microorganisms and cell-cell communication in multicellular organisms, including humans.In this mini-review, we summarize the role of these compounds in the homeostasis of the bacterial communities called biofilms, commonly found in environmental, industrial and medical settings. Biofilms are difficult to eradicate since they are highly resistant to antimicrobials and to the host immune system. We highlight the effect of amino acids such as glutamate, glutamine and arginine and of NO on the signalling pathways involved in the metabolism of 3', 5'-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP), a master regulator of motility, attachment and group behaviour in bacteria. The study of the metabolic routes involving these N-containing compounds represents an attractive topic to identify targets for biofilm control in both natural and medical settings.

Beyond nitrogen metabolism: nitric oxide, cyclic-di-GMP and bacterial biofilms / Rinaldo, Serena; Giardina, Giorgio; Mantoni, Federico; Paone, Alessio; Cutruzzolà, Francesca. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 1574-6968. - 365:6(2018), p. fny029. [10.1093/femsle/fny029]

Beyond nitrogen metabolism: nitric oxide, cyclic-di-GMP and bacterial biofilms

Rinaldo, Serena;Giardina, Giorgio;Mantoni, Federico;Paone, Alessio;Cutruzzolà, Francesca
2018

Abstract

The nitrogen cycle pathways are responsible for the circulation of inorganic and organic N-containing molecules in nature. Among these pathways, those involving amino acids, N-oxides and in particular nitric oxide (NO) play strategic roles in the metabolism of microorganisms in natural environments and in host-pathogen interactions. Beyond their role in the N-cycle, amino acids and NO are also signalling molecules able to influence group behaviour in microorganisms and cell-cell communication in multicellular organisms, including humans.In this mini-review, we summarize the role of these compounds in the homeostasis of the bacterial communities called biofilms, commonly found in environmental, industrial and medical settings. Biofilms are difficult to eradicate since they are highly resistant to antimicrobials and to the host immune system. We highlight the effect of amino acids such as glutamate, glutamine and arginine and of NO on the signalling pathways involved in the metabolism of 3', 5'-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP), a master regulator of motility, attachment and group behaviour in bacteria. The study of the metabolic routes involving these N-containing compounds represents an attractive topic to identify targets for biofilm control in both natural and medical settings.
Biofilm; arginine; cyclic-di-GMP; nitric oxide; nitrogen metabolism
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Beyond nitrogen metabolism: nitric oxide, cyclic-di-GMP and bacterial biofilms / Rinaldo, Serena; Giardina, Giorgio; Mantoni, Federico; Paone, Alessio; Cutruzzolà, Francesca. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 1574-6968. - 365:6(2018), p. fny029. [10.1093/femsle/fny029]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1113671
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