Dynamic diffraction gratings that are hidden in the field-off state are fabricated utilizing a room-temperature photocurable liquid crystal (LC) monomer and nematic LC (NLC) using holographic photopolymerization techniques. These holographic LC polymer-dispersed LCs (HLCPDLCs) are hidden because of the refractive index matching between the LC polymer and the NLC regions in the as-formed state (no E-field applied). Application of a moderate E-field (5 V/μm) generates a refractive index mismatch because of the NLC reorientation (along the E-field) generating high-diffraction efficiency transmission gratings. These dynamic gratings are characterized by morphological, optical, and electrooptical techniques. They exhibit a morphology made of oriented LC polymer regions (containing residual NLC) alternating with a two-phase region of an NLC and LC polymer. Unlike classic holographic polymer-dispersed LC gratings formed with a nonmesogenic monomer, there is index matching between the as-formed alternating regions of the grating. These HLCPDLCs exhibit broad band and high diffraction efficiency (90%) at the Bragg angle, are transparent to white light across the visible range because of the refractive index matching, and exhibit fast response times (1 ms). The ability of HLCPDLCs not to consume electrical power in the off state opens new possibilities for the realization of energy-efficient switchable photonic devices.

Hidden gratings in holographic liquid crystal polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films / De Sio, Luciano; Lloyd, Pamela F.; Tabiryan, Nelson V.; Bunning, Timothy J.. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8244. - 10:15(2018), pp. 13107-13112. [10.1021/acsami.8b02821]

Hidden gratings in holographic liquid crystal polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films

De Sio, Luciano
;
2018

Abstract

Dynamic diffraction gratings that are hidden in the field-off state are fabricated utilizing a room-temperature photocurable liquid crystal (LC) monomer and nematic LC (NLC) using holographic photopolymerization techniques. These holographic LC polymer-dispersed LCs (HLCPDLCs) are hidden because of the refractive index matching between the LC polymer and the NLC regions in the as-formed state (no E-field applied). Application of a moderate E-field (5 V/μm) generates a refractive index mismatch because of the NLC reorientation (along the E-field) generating high-diffraction efficiency transmission gratings. These dynamic gratings are characterized by morphological, optical, and electrooptical techniques. They exhibit a morphology made of oriented LC polymer regions (containing residual NLC) alternating with a two-phase region of an NLC and LC polymer. Unlike classic holographic polymer-dispersed LC gratings formed with a nonmesogenic monomer, there is index matching between the as-formed alternating regions of the grating. These HLCPDLCs exhibit broad band and high diffraction efficiency (90%) at the Bragg angle, are transparent to white light across the visible range because of the refractive index matching, and exhibit fast response times (1 ms). The ability of HLCPDLCs not to consume electrical power in the off state opens new possibilities for the realization of energy-efficient switchable photonic devices.
2018
diffraction gratings; holography; liquid crystals; optics; polymers; materials science (all)
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Hidden gratings in holographic liquid crystal polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films / De Sio, Luciano; Lloyd, Pamela F.; Tabiryan, Nelson V.; Bunning, Timothy J.. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8244. - 10:15(2018), pp. 13107-13112. [10.1021/acsami.8b02821]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1113151
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