This paper describes, for the first time, the use of oxidized buckypaper (BP) as a sorbent membrane of a stir-disc solid phase extraction module. The original device, consisting of a BP disc (d = 34 mm) enveloped in a polypropylene mesh pouch, was designed to extract organic micropollutants (OMPs) from environmental water samples in dynamic mode. High-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was used to analyze the extracts. Several classes of pesticides and pharmaceuticals were chosen as model compounds to evaluate key parameters affecting the recovery rates. To this end, the effects of adsorption time, desorption time, stirring speed, type and volume of solvent, and sample volume were thoroughly examined. After optimization, a novel and in-depth study was conducted to find a correlation between physicochemical properties of the analytes and extraction yields. Recoveries were mainly governed by a combination of logP and pK a values. As indicated, hydrophilic compounds with logP < 1 showed poor affinity for the oxidized BP, compounds having logP > 1 exhibited recoveries ranging between 50% and 100% depending on their pK a , while compounds with pK a between 6 and 7.5 gave low yields irrespective of their logP. The analytical method was also validated and tested as large scale screening method of OMPs in surface waters. The analysis of real samples revealed the presence of some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfonamides, and pesticides at low ng L -1 concentration levels with relative standard deviations lower than 8%. Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society.

Oxidized buckypaper for stir-disc solid phase extraction: evaluation for several classes of environmental pollutants recovered from surface water samples / Tomai, Pierpaolo; Martinelli, Andrea; Morosetti, Stefano; Curini, Roberta; Fanali, Salvatore; Gentili, Alessandra. - In: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0003-2700. - STAMPA. - 90:11(2018), pp. 6827-6834. [10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00927]

Oxidized buckypaper for stir-disc solid phase extraction: evaluation for several classes of environmental pollutants recovered from surface water samples

Tomai, Pierpaolo
Investigation
;
Martinelli, Andrea
Investigation
;
Morosetti, Stefano
Data Curation
;
Curini, Roberta
Project Administration
;
Gentili, Alessandra
Supervision
2018

Abstract

This paper describes, for the first time, the use of oxidized buckypaper (BP) as a sorbent membrane of a stir-disc solid phase extraction module. The original device, consisting of a BP disc (d = 34 mm) enveloped in a polypropylene mesh pouch, was designed to extract organic micropollutants (OMPs) from environmental water samples in dynamic mode. High-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was used to analyze the extracts. Several classes of pesticides and pharmaceuticals were chosen as model compounds to evaluate key parameters affecting the recovery rates. To this end, the effects of adsorption time, desorption time, stirring speed, type and volume of solvent, and sample volume were thoroughly examined. After optimization, a novel and in-depth study was conducted to find a correlation between physicochemical properties of the analytes and extraction yields. Recoveries were mainly governed by a combination of logP and pK a values. As indicated, hydrophilic compounds with logP < 1 showed poor affinity for the oxidized BP, compounds having logP > 1 exhibited recoveries ranging between 50% and 100% depending on their pK a , while compounds with pK a between 6 and 7.5 gave low yields irrespective of their logP. The analytical method was also validated and tested as large scale screening method of OMPs in surface waters. The analysis of real samples revealed the presence of some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfonamides, and pesticides at low ng L -1 concentration levels with relative standard deviations lower than 8%. Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society.
2018
Buckypaper; carbon nanotubes; solid phase extraction; contaminants; surface waters; sample preparation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Oxidized buckypaper for stir-disc solid phase extraction: evaluation for several classes of environmental pollutants recovered from surface water samples / Tomai, Pierpaolo; Martinelli, Andrea; Morosetti, Stefano; Curini, Roberta; Fanali, Salvatore; Gentili, Alessandra. - In: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0003-2700. - STAMPA. - 90:11(2018), pp. 6827-6834. [10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00927]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1112097
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