Skeletal muscle is a complex, dynamic tissue characterized by an elevated plasticity. Although the adult muscle is mainly composed of multinucleated fibers with post mitotic nuclei, it retains a remarkable ability to regenerate in response to traumatic events. The regenerative potential of the adult skeletal muscle relies in the activity of satellite cells, mononucleated cells residing within the muscle in intimate association with myofibers. Satellite cells normally remain quiescent in their sublaminar position, sporadically entering the cell cycle to guarantee an efficient cellular turnover, by fusing with pre-existing myofibers, and to maintain the stem cell pool. However, after muscle injury satellite cells undergo an extensive increase of their activity in response to environmental stimuli, thereby participating to the regeneration of a functional muscle tissue. Nevertheless, regeneration is affected in several pathologic conditions and by a wide range of environmental signals that are highly variable, not only through time, but also depending on the physiological or pathological conditions of the musculature. Among these factors, the interleukin-6 (IL-6) plays a critical physiopathologic role on muscle homeostasis and diseases. The basis of muscle regeneration and the impact of IL-6 on the physiopathology of skeletal muscle will be discussed.

The physiopathologic interplay between stem cells and tissue niche in muscle regeneration and the role of IL-6 on muscle homeostasis and diseases / Forcina, Laura; Miano, Carmen; Musarò, Antonio. - In: CYTOKINE & GROWTH FACTOR REVIEWS. - ISSN 1359-6101. - STAMPA. - 41:(2018), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.cytogfr.2018.05.001]

The physiopathologic interplay between stem cells and tissue niche in muscle regeneration and the role of IL-6 on muscle homeostasis and diseases

Forcina, Laura;MIANO, CARMEN;Musarò, Antonio
2018

Abstract

Skeletal muscle is a complex, dynamic tissue characterized by an elevated plasticity. Although the adult muscle is mainly composed of multinucleated fibers with post mitotic nuclei, it retains a remarkable ability to regenerate in response to traumatic events. The regenerative potential of the adult skeletal muscle relies in the activity of satellite cells, mononucleated cells residing within the muscle in intimate association with myofibers. Satellite cells normally remain quiescent in their sublaminar position, sporadically entering the cell cycle to guarantee an efficient cellular turnover, by fusing with pre-existing myofibers, and to maintain the stem cell pool. However, after muscle injury satellite cells undergo an extensive increase of their activity in response to environmental stimuli, thereby participating to the regeneration of a functional muscle tissue. Nevertheless, regeneration is affected in several pathologic conditions and by a wide range of environmental signals that are highly variable, not only through time, but also depending on the physiological or pathological conditions of the musculature. Among these factors, the interleukin-6 (IL-6) plays a critical physiopathologic role on muscle homeostasis and diseases. The basis of muscle regeneration and the impact of IL-6 on the physiopathology of skeletal muscle will be discussed.
2018
interleukin-6; muscle diseases; muscle regeneration; satellite cells; tissue niche; endocrinology; diabetes and metabolism; immunology and allergy; immunology; biochemistry; genetics and molecular biology (all)
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The physiopathologic interplay between stem cells and tissue niche in muscle regeneration and the role of IL-6 on muscle homeostasis and diseases / Forcina, Laura; Miano, Carmen; Musarò, Antonio. - In: CYTOKINE & GROWTH FACTOR REVIEWS. - ISSN 1359-6101. - STAMPA. - 41:(2018), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.cytogfr.2018.05.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1111344
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