Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) functionality plays a pivotal role when studying diseases in which the communication between motor neuron and muscle is impaired, such as aging and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here we describe an experimental protocol that can be used to measure NMJ functionality by combining two types of electrical stimulation: direct muscle membrane stimulation and the stimulation through the nerve. The comparison of the muscle response to these two different stimulations can help to define, at the functional level, potential alterations in the NMJ that lead to functional decline in muscle. Ex vivo preparations are suited to well-controlled studies. Here we describe an intensive protocol to measure several parameters of muscle and NMJ functionality for the soleus-sciatic nerve preparation and for the diaphragm-phrenic nerve preparation. The protocol lasts approximately 60 min and is conducted uninterruptedly by means of a custom-made software that measures the twitch kinetics properties, the force-frequency relationship for both muscle and nerve stimulations, and two parameters specific to NMJ functionality, i.e. neurotransmission failure and intratetanic fatigue. This methodology was used to detect damages in soleus and diaphragm muscle-nerve preparations by using SOD1G93A transgenic mouse, an experimental model of ALS that ubiquitously overexpresses the mutant antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1).
Measuring neuromuscular junction functionality / Rizzuto, Emanuele; Pisu, Simona; Nicoletti, Carmine; Del Prete, Zaccaria; Musaro, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS. - ISSN 1940-087X. - ELETTRONICO. - 2017:126(2017), pp. 1-9. [10.3791/55227]
|Titolo:||Measuring neuromuscular junction functionality|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||Measuring neuromuscular junction functionality / Rizzuto, Emanuele; Pisu, Simona; Nicoletti, Carmine; Del Prete, Zaccaria; Musaro, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS. - ISSN 1940-087X. - ELETTRONICO. - 2017:126(2017), pp. 1-9. [10.3791/55227]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|