Background: The postoperative development or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) represents the major drawback of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG). A GERD diagnosis is often based only on symptoms and proton pump inhibitors (PPI) intake, while objective tests like esophagogastroduodenoscopy and pH measurements are performed less frequently. Objectives: To evaluate the association between reflux symptoms and GERD-related esophageal lesions. Settings: University hospital, Rome, Italy. Methods: A comprehensive clinical control entailing GERD symptoms, PPI intake, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy was proposed to all patients who underwent SG between June 2007 and February 2011, irrespective of the presence of GERD symptoms. One hundred forty-four of 219 patients agreed to take part in the study (follow-up rate: 65.8%). Results: After a mean follow-up of 66 months, GERD symptoms and PPI intake were recorded in 70.2% and 63.9% of patients, respectively. Mean visual analogue scale score was 2.9 ± 3.3. The overall frequency of erosive esophagitis was 59.8%, while nondysplastic Barrett's esophagus was detected in 13.1%. The frequency of esophageal biliary reflux was 68%. GERD symptoms and visual analogue scale score were not significantly associated with the development of erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus and the severity of the esophageal lesions. Moreover, the frequency of erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus in patients consuming PPI were similar to that of patients without PPI. Conclusion: Symptoms investigation alone is not a reliable tool to diagnose GERD after SG. The use of objective diagnostic tests, such as esophagogastroduodenoscopy, should be carefully considered in the postoperative follow-up schedule of SG patients.

Lack of correlation between gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms and esophageal lesions after sleeve gastrectomy / Soricelli, Emanuele; Casella, Giovanni; Baglio, Giovanni; Maselli, Roberta; Ernesti, Ilaria; Genco, Alfredo. - In: SURGERY FOR OBESITY AND RELATED DISEASES. - ISSN 1550-7289. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:6(2018), pp. 751-756. [10.1016/j.soard.2018.02.008]

Lack of correlation between gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms and esophageal lesions after sleeve gastrectomy

Soricelli, Emanuele
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Casella, Giovanni
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Baglio, Giovanni
Methodology
;
Maselli, Roberta
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Ernesti, Ilaria
Resources
;
Genco, Alfredo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2018

Abstract

Background: The postoperative development or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) represents the major drawback of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG). A GERD diagnosis is often based only on symptoms and proton pump inhibitors (PPI) intake, while objective tests like esophagogastroduodenoscopy and pH measurements are performed less frequently. Objectives: To evaluate the association between reflux symptoms and GERD-related esophageal lesions. Settings: University hospital, Rome, Italy. Methods: A comprehensive clinical control entailing GERD symptoms, PPI intake, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy was proposed to all patients who underwent SG between June 2007 and February 2011, irrespective of the presence of GERD symptoms. One hundred forty-four of 219 patients agreed to take part in the study (follow-up rate: 65.8%). Results: After a mean follow-up of 66 months, GERD symptoms and PPI intake were recorded in 70.2% and 63.9% of patients, respectively. Mean visual analogue scale score was 2.9 ± 3.3. The overall frequency of erosive esophagitis was 59.8%, while nondysplastic Barrett's esophagus was detected in 13.1%. The frequency of esophageal biliary reflux was 68%. GERD symptoms and visual analogue scale score were not significantly associated with the development of erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus and the severity of the esophageal lesions. Moreover, the frequency of erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus in patients consuming PPI were similar to that of patients without PPI. Conclusion: Symptoms investigation alone is not a reliable tool to diagnose GERD after SG. The use of objective diagnostic tests, such as esophagogastroduodenoscopy, should be carefully considered in the postoperative follow-up schedule of SG patients.
Barrett's esophagus; Esophageal biliary reflux; Gastroesophageal reflux disease; Sleeve gastrectomy; Surgery
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Lack of correlation between gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms and esophageal lesions after sleeve gastrectomy / Soricelli, Emanuele; Casella, Giovanni; Baglio, Giovanni; Maselli, Roberta; Ernesti, Ilaria; Genco, Alfredo. - In: SURGERY FOR OBESITY AND RELATED DISEASES. - ISSN 1550-7289. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:6(2018), pp. 751-756. [10.1016/j.soard.2018.02.008]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1109736
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