Prenatal ultrasonographic (US) examination is considered as the first tool in the assessment of fetal abnormalities. However, several large-scale studies point out that some malformations, in particular central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, are not well characterized through US. Therefore, the actual malformation severity is not always related to prenatal ultrasound (US) findings. Over the past 20 years, ultrafast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has progressively increased as a prenatal 3rd level diagnostic technique with a good sensitivity, particularly for the study of fetal CNS malformations. In fact, CNS anomalies are the most common clinical indications for fetal MRI, representing about 80% of the total examinations. This review covers the recent literature on fetal brain MRI, with emphasis on techniques, safety and indications.

Fetal MRI of the central nervous system: state-of-the-art / Manganaro, Lucia; Bernardo, Silvia; Antonelli, Amanda; Vinci, Valeria; Saldari, Matteo; Catalano, Carlo. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-048X. - STAMPA. - 93:(2017), pp. 273-283. [10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.06.004]

Fetal MRI of the central nervous system: state-of-the-art

Manganaro, Lucia
Primo
;
Bernardo, Silvia
Secondo
;
Antonelli, Amanda;Vinci, Valeria;Saldari, Matteo
Penultimo
;
Catalano, Carlo
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Prenatal ultrasonographic (US) examination is considered as the first tool in the assessment of fetal abnormalities. However, several large-scale studies point out that some malformations, in particular central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, are not well characterized through US. Therefore, the actual malformation severity is not always related to prenatal ultrasound (US) findings. Over the past 20 years, ultrafast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has progressively increased as a prenatal 3rd level diagnostic technique with a good sensitivity, particularly for the study of fetal CNS malformations. In fact, CNS anomalies are the most common clinical indications for fetal MRI, representing about 80% of the total examinations. This review covers the recent literature on fetal brain MRI, with emphasis on techniques, safety and indications.
2017
CNS; congenital CNS abnormality; fetal anomalies; fetal MRI; MRI; prenatal CNS malformation; central nervous system; female; fetus; humans; magnetic resonance imaging; nervous system malformations; pregnancy; prenatal diagnosis; ultrasonography, prenatal; radiology, nuclear medicine and imaging
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Fetal MRI of the central nervous system: state-of-the-art / Manganaro, Lucia; Bernardo, Silvia; Antonelli, Amanda; Vinci, Valeria; Saldari, Matteo; Catalano, Carlo. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-048X. - STAMPA. - 93:(2017), pp. 273-283. [10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.06.004]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1093960
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