Paclitaxel (Taxol(TM)), a chemotherapeutic agent used to treat breast and ovarian tumors, has been reported to induce a predominantly sensory neuropathy. Co-treatment with neurotrophic factors and paclitaxel has been proposed for preventing or reversing paclitaxel induced peripheral neuropathy. Prosaposin, the precursor of saposins A, B, C and D was recently identified as a neurotrophic factor and was reported to facilitate nerve regeneration in vivo. Peptides (prosaptides) encompassing the neurotrophic sequence located in the saposin C domain, have neurotrophic activity similar to the holoprotein (O'Brien et al. 1995). In the present study, we investigated the effect of a 14-mer prosaptide, TX14(A), or a 22- merprosaptide, 769P, on paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. Paclitaxel treatment (1 μM) decreased cell viability of both PC12 and Schwann cells. TX14(A) (10 nM) prevented paclitaxel-induced loss of cell viability in PC12 cells but not in Schwann cells. Systemic injections (i.p.) of paclitaxel (1.2 mg/kg/day) given five times per week for three weeks (cumulative dose 18 mg/kg) or given every third day (25, 12.5 and 12.5 mg/kg) for 10 ten days (cumulative dose 50 mg/kg) in adult rats induced thermal hypoalgesia that was not accompanied by morphological changes in the sciatic nerve or changes of nerve conduction velocity. Co-administration of paclitaxel with prosaptides (cumulative dose 3 or 10 mg/kg) prevented paclitaxel-induced thermal hypoalgesia. In the short-term high dose study, paclitaxel treated rats lost 10% of their body weight, had reduced erythrocyte counts, hematocrit and hemoglobin concentrations which were not prevented by treatment with prosaptide. TX14(A) did not diminish paclitaxel cytotoxicity of breast cancer cells in vitro. These findings suggest that prosaptide prevents the neurotoxic effects of paclitaxel while not interfering with its anti-tumor activity.
Prosaptide prevents paclitaxel neurotoxicity / W. M., Campana; N., Eskeland; N. A., Calcutt; Misasi, Roberta; R. R., Myers; J. S., O'Brien. - In: NEUROTOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0161-813X. - 19:2(1998), pp. 237-244.
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|Titolo:||Prosaptide prevents paclitaxel neurotoxicity|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Citazione:||Prosaptide prevents paclitaxel neurotoxicity / W. M., Campana; N., Eskeland; N. A., Calcutt; Misasi, Roberta; R. R., Myers; J. S., O'Brien. - In: NEUROTOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0161-813X. - 19:2(1998), pp. 237-244.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|