BACKGROUND: Potassium-(K)-channel inhibitors may increase systemic vascular resistance in vasodilatory shock states. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the macro- and microvascular effects of the adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K-channel-(KATP)-inhibitor glipizide and the nonselective K-channel inhibitor tetraethylammonium (TEA) in ovine endotoxemic shock and septic shock in rats. DESIGN: Two randomized, controlled laboratory studies. ANIMALS: Thirty female sheep and 40 male Sprague Dawley rats. SETTING: Animal research facility INTERVENTION:: Systemic hemodynamics were analyzed in ovine endotoxemic shock with guideline-oriented supportive therapy. Sheep were allocated to three treatment groups for 12 h: glipizide 10 mg kg·h, TEA 8 mg kg·h, or 0.9% saline. The microvascular effects of each drug were evaluated in septic rats (cecal ligation and puncture model) receiving a 2-h infusion of each study drug: glipizide 20 mg kg·h; TEA 50 mg kg·h, or 0.9% saline, respectively, followed by intravital microscopy of villi microcirculation. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, glipizide infusion increased systemic vascular resistance index and decreased cardiac index and heart rate (HR) in sheep (P < 0.05), whereas TEA infusion decreased HR and resulted in a decreased survival time (P = 0.001). In rats, glipizide infusion resulted in an increase in mean arterial pressure and a decrease in HR compared with baseline measurement (P < 0.05) without relevant effects on the villi microcirculation. TEA decreased HR and decreased capillary perfusion of the villi microcirculation compared with the sham group (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Selective inhibition of KATP-channels in ovine endotoxemic shock with glipizide partially restored vasomotor tone without exerting harmful effects on intestinal microcirculation in septic shock in rats. On the contrary, nonselective K-channel inhibition with TEA showed deleterious effects in both models, including impaired microcirculation and decreased survival time. Future research on glipizide in vasodilatory shock may be warranted.

Differential effects of selective and nonselective potassium channel inhibitors in ovine endotoxemic shock (macrocirculation) and in a rat model of septic shock (microcirculation) / Hessler, Michael; Pinto, Bernardo B; Arnemann, Philip-Helge; Kampmeier, Tim-Gerald; Seidel, Laura; Morelli, Andrea; Van Aken, Hugo; Westphal, Martin; Rehberg, Sebastian; Ertmer, Christian. - In: SHOCK. - ISSN 1073-2322. - STAMPA. - 51:2(2019), pp. 247-255. [10.1097/SHK.0000000000001113]

Differential effects of selective and nonselective potassium channel inhibitors in ovine endotoxemic shock (macrocirculation) and in a rat model of septic shock (microcirculation)

Morelli, Andrea;
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Potassium-(K)-channel inhibitors may increase systemic vascular resistance in vasodilatory shock states. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the macro- and microvascular effects of the adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K-channel-(KATP)-inhibitor glipizide and the nonselective K-channel inhibitor tetraethylammonium (TEA) in ovine endotoxemic shock and septic shock in rats. DESIGN: Two randomized, controlled laboratory studies. ANIMALS: Thirty female sheep and 40 male Sprague Dawley rats. SETTING: Animal research facility INTERVENTION:: Systemic hemodynamics were analyzed in ovine endotoxemic shock with guideline-oriented supportive therapy. Sheep were allocated to three treatment groups for 12 h: glipizide 10 mg kg·h, TEA 8 mg kg·h, or 0.9% saline. The microvascular effects of each drug were evaluated in septic rats (cecal ligation and puncture model) receiving a 2-h infusion of each study drug: glipizide 20 mg kg·h; TEA 50 mg kg·h, or 0.9% saline, respectively, followed by intravital microscopy of villi microcirculation. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, glipizide infusion increased systemic vascular resistance index and decreased cardiac index and heart rate (HR) in sheep (P < 0.05), whereas TEA infusion decreased HR and resulted in a decreased survival time (P = 0.001). In rats, glipizide infusion resulted in an increase in mean arterial pressure and a decrease in HR compared with baseline measurement (P < 0.05) without relevant effects on the villi microcirculation. TEA decreased HR and decreased capillary perfusion of the villi microcirculation compared with the sham group (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Selective inhibition of KATP-channels in ovine endotoxemic shock with glipizide partially restored vasomotor tone without exerting harmful effects on intestinal microcirculation in septic shock in rats. On the contrary, nonselective K-channel inhibition with TEA showed deleterious effects in both models, including impaired microcirculation and decreased survival time. Future research on glipizide in vasodilatory shock may be warranted.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Hessler_ Differential-Effects_2019.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print (versione successiva alla peer review e accettata per la pubblicazione)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 371.12 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
371.12 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Hessler_Differential_2019.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 401.52 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
401.52 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1087917
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact