Lymphocele is the most common complication after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). Over the years, various techniques have been introduced to prevent lymphocele, but no final conclusion can be drawn regarding the superiority of one technique over another. In this prospective study, 220 patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy between 2012 and 2015 were randomized to receive titanium clips (group A, n=110) or bipolar coagulation (group B, n=110) to seal lymphatic vessels at the level of the femoral canal during extended PLND (ePLND). Ultrasound examination was used to detect lymphoceles at 10 and 90 d after surgery. Lymphocele was defined as any clearly definable fluid collection and was considered clinically significant when requiring treatment. There were no statistically significant differences between groups A and B regarding overall lymphocele incidence (47% vs 48%; difference -0.91%, 95% confidence interval [CI] -2.6 to 0.7; p=0.9) and the rate of clinically significant lymphocele [5% vs 4%; difference 0.75%, 95% CI, 0.1-3.2; p=0.7]. The two groups were comparable regarding mean (±SD) lymphocele volume (30±32 vs 35±39ml; p=0.6), lymphocele location (unilateral, 37% vs 35%, p=0.7; bilateral, 13% vs 14%, p=0.9), and time to lymphocele diagnosis (95% vs 98% on postoperative day 10; p=0.5). In conclusion, this trial failed to identify a difference in lymphocele occurrence between clipping and coagulation of the lymphatic vessels at the level of the femoral canal during robot-assisted ePLND for prostate cancer. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this study we compared the frequency of postoperative complications after sealing lymphatic vessels from the leg to the abdomen using metallic clips or electrical coagulation during robot-assisted surgery for prostate cancer. We found no difference in postoperative complications between the two methods.

Prospective randomized trial comparing titanium clips to bipolar coagulation in sealing lymphatic vessels during pelvic lymph node dissection at the time of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy / Grande, Pietro; Di Pierro, Giovanni Battista; Mordasini, Livio; Ferrari, Matteo; Würnschimmel, Christoph; Danuser, Hansjörg; Mattei, Agostino. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY. - ISSN 0302-2838. - STAMPA. - 71:2(2017), pp. 155-158. [10.1016/j.eururo.2016.08.006]

Prospective randomized trial comparing titanium clips to bipolar coagulation in sealing lymphatic vessels during pelvic lymph node dissection at the time of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy

Grande, Pietro
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Di Pierro, Giovanni Battista
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2017

Abstract

Lymphocele is the most common complication after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). Over the years, various techniques have been introduced to prevent lymphocele, but no final conclusion can be drawn regarding the superiority of one technique over another. In this prospective study, 220 patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy between 2012 and 2015 were randomized to receive titanium clips (group A, n=110) or bipolar coagulation (group B, n=110) to seal lymphatic vessels at the level of the femoral canal during extended PLND (ePLND). Ultrasound examination was used to detect lymphoceles at 10 and 90 d after surgery. Lymphocele was defined as any clearly definable fluid collection and was considered clinically significant when requiring treatment. There were no statistically significant differences between groups A and B regarding overall lymphocele incidence (47% vs 48%; difference -0.91%, 95% confidence interval [CI] -2.6 to 0.7; p=0.9) and the rate of clinically significant lymphocele [5% vs 4%; difference 0.75%, 95% CI, 0.1-3.2; p=0.7]. The two groups were comparable regarding mean (±SD) lymphocele volume (30±32 vs 35±39ml; p=0.6), lymphocele location (unilateral, 37% vs 35%, p=0.7; bilateral, 13% vs 14%, p=0.9), and time to lymphocele diagnosis (95% vs 98% on postoperative day 10; p=0.5). In conclusion, this trial failed to identify a difference in lymphocele occurrence between clipping and coagulation of the lymphatic vessels at the level of the femoral canal during robot-assisted ePLND for prostate cancer. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this study we compared the frequency of postoperative complications after sealing lymphatic vessels from the leg to the abdomen using metallic clips or electrical coagulation during robot-assisted surgery for prostate cancer. We found no difference in postoperative complications between the two methods.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Grande_Titanium-clips_2017.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 893.32 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
893.32 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1085401
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 34
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 27
social impact