Adipogenesis is regulated by a complex network of molecules, including fibroblast growth factors. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been previously reported to promote proliferation on rat preadipocytes, although the expression of its specific receptor, FGFR2-IIIb/KGFR, is not actually detected in mesenchymal cells. Here, we demonstrate that human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) show increased expression of KGF during adipogenic differentiation, especially in the early steps. Moreover, KGF is able to induce transient activation of ERK and p38 MAPK pathways in these cells. Furthermore, KGF promotes ASC differentiation and supports the activation of differentiation pathways, such as those of PI3K/Akt and the retinoblastoma protein (Rb). Notably, we observed only a low amount of FGFR2-IIIb in ASCs, which seems not to be responsible for KGF activity. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that Neuropilin 1 (NRP1), a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed in ASCs acting as a coreceptor for some growth factors, is responsible for KGF-dependent pathway activation in these cells. Our study contributes to clarify the molecular bases of human adipogenesis, demonstrating a role of KGF in the early steps of this process, and points out a role of NRP1 as a previously unknown mediator of KGF action in ASCs.

Neuropilin 1mediates keratinocyte growth factor signaling in adipose-derived stem cells: potential involvement in adipogenesis / Ceccarelli, Simona; Nodale, Cristina; Vescarelli, Enrica; Pontecorvi, Paola; Manganelli, Valeria; Casella, Giovanni; Onesti, Maria Giuseppina; Sorice, Maurizio; Romano, Ferdinando; Angeloni, Antonio; Marchese, Cinzia. - In: STEM CELLS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1687-966X. - 2018:(2018), pp. 1-18. [10.1155/2018/1075156]

Neuropilin 1mediates keratinocyte growth factor signaling in adipose-derived stem cells: potential involvement in adipogenesis

Ceccarelli, Simona
;
Nodale, Cristina;Vescarelli, Enrica;Pontecorvi, Paola;Manganelli, Valeria;Casella, Giovanni;Onesti, Maria Giuseppina;Sorice, Maurizio;Romano, Ferdinando;Angeloni, Antonio;Marchese, Cinzia
2018

Abstract

Adipogenesis is regulated by a complex network of molecules, including fibroblast growth factors. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been previously reported to promote proliferation on rat preadipocytes, although the expression of its specific receptor, FGFR2-IIIb/KGFR, is not actually detected in mesenchymal cells. Here, we demonstrate that human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) show increased expression of KGF during adipogenic differentiation, especially in the early steps. Moreover, KGF is able to induce transient activation of ERK and p38 MAPK pathways in these cells. Furthermore, KGF promotes ASC differentiation and supports the activation of differentiation pathways, such as those of PI3K/Akt and the retinoblastoma protein (Rb). Notably, we observed only a low amount of FGFR2-IIIb in ASCs, which seems not to be responsible for KGF activity. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that Neuropilin 1 (NRP1), a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed in ASCs acting as a coreceptor for some growth factors, is responsible for KGF-dependent pathway activation in these cells. Our study contributes to clarify the molecular bases of human adipogenesis, demonstrating a role of KGF in the early steps of this process, and points out a role of NRP1 as a previously unknown mediator of KGF action in ASCs.
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Neuropilin 1mediates keratinocyte growth factor signaling in adipose-derived stem cells: potential involvement in adipogenesis / Ceccarelli, Simona; Nodale, Cristina; Vescarelli, Enrica; Pontecorvi, Paola; Manganelli, Valeria; Casella, Giovanni; Onesti, Maria Giuseppina; Sorice, Maurizio; Romano, Ferdinando; Angeloni, Antonio; Marchese, Cinzia. - In: STEM CELLS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1687-966X. - 2018:(2018), pp. 1-18. [10.1155/2018/1075156]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1082215
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