It has been reported that sorbitol induces apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the sorbitol-induced apoptotic process is not yet clearly understood. In the present study, the intracellular signaling pathways of sorbitol-induced apoptosis in human K562 cells were investigated using both morphological analysis and DNA fragmentation technique. In this study, we demonstrated that sorbitol-induced apoptosis in human K562 cells is a concentration- and time-dependent manner. This sorbitol-induced apoptosis in human K562 cells was also accompanied by the up-regulation of Bax, and down-regulation of p-Bcl-2, but no effect on the levels of Bcl-X(L). Moreover, the sorbitol treatment resulted in a significant reduction of mitochondria membrane potential, increase in the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c (cyt c), and activation of caspase 3. Furthermore, treatment with caspase 3 inhibitor (z-DEVD-fmk) was capable of preventing the sorbitol-induced caspase 3 activity and cell death. These results clearly demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis by sorbitol involves multiple cellular/molecular pathways and strongly suggest that pro- and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial cyt c, and caspase 3, they all participate in sorbitol-induced apoptotic process in human K562 cells.

Sorbitol-induced apoptosis of human leukemia is mediated by caspase activation and cytochrome c release / Gabriella, Marfe; Morgante, Emanuela; Carla Di, Stefano; DI RENZO, Livia Maria; Luisa De, Martino; Giuseppe, Iovane; Russo, Matteo Antonio; Paola Sinibaldi, Salimei. - In: ARCHIVES OF TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0340-5761. - STAMPA. - 82:6(2008), pp. 371-377. [10.1007/s00204-007-0261-y]

Sorbitol-induced apoptosis of human leukemia is mediated by caspase activation and cytochrome c release

MORGANTE, Emanuela;DI RENZO, Livia Maria;RUSSO, Matteo Antonio;
2008

Abstract

It has been reported that sorbitol induces apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the sorbitol-induced apoptotic process is not yet clearly understood. In the present study, the intracellular signaling pathways of sorbitol-induced apoptosis in human K562 cells were investigated using both morphological analysis and DNA fragmentation technique. In this study, we demonstrated that sorbitol-induced apoptosis in human K562 cells is a concentration- and time-dependent manner. This sorbitol-induced apoptosis in human K562 cells was also accompanied by the up-regulation of Bax, and down-regulation of p-Bcl-2, but no effect on the levels of Bcl-X(L). Moreover, the sorbitol treatment resulted in a significant reduction of mitochondria membrane potential, increase in the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c (cyt c), and activation of caspase 3. Furthermore, treatment with caspase 3 inhibitor (z-DEVD-fmk) was capable of preventing the sorbitol-induced caspase 3 activity and cell death. These results clearly demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis by sorbitol involves multiple cellular/molecular pathways and strongly suggest that pro- and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial cyt c, and caspase 3, they all participate in sorbitol-induced apoptotic process in human K562 cells.
2008
apoptosis; bcl-2; bcl-xl; caspases; sorbitol
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Sorbitol-induced apoptosis of human leukemia is mediated by caspase activation and cytochrome c release / Gabriella, Marfe; Morgante, Emanuela; Carla Di, Stefano; DI RENZO, Livia Maria; Luisa De, Martino; Giuseppe, Iovane; Russo, Matteo Antonio; Paola Sinibaldi, Salimei. - In: ARCHIVES OF TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0340-5761. - STAMPA. - 82:6(2008), pp. 371-377. [10.1007/s00204-007-0261-y]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/107808
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