In this paper, an innovative alkaline mild extraction method has been applied to characterize the dyes present in lake-pigment and textile, prepared from American and Armenian cochineal. This extraction methodology, successfully employed for the conservation of glycosyl moieties in anthraquinone dyes from madder (Rubia tinctorum L.), is applied on cochineal lake and textiles in order to evaluate if its application results in obtaining new information about cochineal dyes composition. Furthermore, in this paper, a slightly modified ammonia- Na2EDTA extraction methodology is presented. The modification of the extraction methodology resulted to be necessary to ensure its applicability to this class of natural dyes. Once optimized the protocol, the extracts have been analyzed through HPLC-HRMS, in order to characterize the present compounds. In particular, basing on the MS/MS paths reported in literature, it has been possible to recognize several O-glycosyl compounds, never found before in American cochineal dyed yarns or lake pigments extracts. In particular, for the first time, an Oglycoside of flavokermesic acid, known as pp6, suggested until this moment as a marker of Polish cochineal, has been recognized in both lake-pigment and dyed yarns prepared from American cochineal. In addition, it has been possible to compare the composition of American cochineal dyed yarns ammonia-Na2EDTA extracts with those obtained from Armenian cochineal dyed yarn, extracted with the same protocol.

How the extraction method could be crucial in the characterization of natural dyes from dyed yarns and lake pigments: the case of american and armenian cochineal dyes, extracted through the new ammonia-EDTA method / Serafini, Ilaria; Lombardi, Livia; Vannutelli, Gabriele; Montesano, Camilla; Sciubba, Fabio; Guiso, Marcella; Curini, Roberta; Bianco, Armandodoriano. - In: MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0026-265X. - STAMPA. - 134:(2017), pp. 237-245. [10.1016/j.microc.2017.06.005]

How the extraction method could be crucial in the characterization of natural dyes from dyed yarns and lake pigments: the case of american and armenian cochineal dyes, extracted through the new ammonia-EDTA method

Serafini, Ilaria
;
Lombardi, Livia;Vannutelli, Gabriele;Montesano, Camilla;Sciubba, Fabio;Guiso, Marcella;Curini, Roberta;Bianco, Armandodoriano
2017

Abstract

In this paper, an innovative alkaline mild extraction method has been applied to characterize the dyes present in lake-pigment and textile, prepared from American and Armenian cochineal. This extraction methodology, successfully employed for the conservation of glycosyl moieties in anthraquinone dyes from madder (Rubia tinctorum L.), is applied on cochineal lake and textiles in order to evaluate if its application results in obtaining new information about cochineal dyes composition. Furthermore, in this paper, a slightly modified ammonia- Na2EDTA extraction methodology is presented. The modification of the extraction methodology resulted to be necessary to ensure its applicability to this class of natural dyes. Once optimized the protocol, the extracts have been analyzed through HPLC-HRMS, in order to characterize the present compounds. In particular, basing on the MS/MS paths reported in literature, it has been possible to recognize several O-glycosyl compounds, never found before in American cochineal dyed yarns or lake pigments extracts. In particular, for the first time, an Oglycoside of flavokermesic acid, known as pp6, suggested until this moment as a marker of Polish cochineal, has been recognized in both lake-pigment and dyed yarns prepared from American cochineal. In addition, it has been possible to compare the composition of American cochineal dyed yarns ammonia-Na2EDTA extracts with those obtained from Armenian cochineal dyed yarn, extracted with the same protocol.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1075774
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