Background: The frenula of the oral cavity are anatomical structures, histologically constituted by a fibromucosa, which join the inner surface of the upper and lower lip with the buccal mucosa of the alveolar process (frenula labial median and lateral) and the ventral surface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth (lingual frenulum). The oral frenula normally undergo changes in shape, size and position during the different stages of growth and development of the people. When they arise changes in morphological and structural characteristics, leading to pathological conditions of various kinds and severity, such frenula defining pathological. Objectives: In this work, analysis is performed of the etiophatogenesis, diagnostic elements and timing of therapeutic treatments toward these clinical cases, further into detail orthodontics problems. Methods: The intervention of the odontologist with a thorough clinical examination radiographic investigations and assisted by an early framing of the patient, are the best diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Results: The problems arising from late or non-intervention in the case of pathological frenula, may lead to significant morphological and structural of the patient. Discussion and Conclusions: The complex clinical and issues related to abnormalities of frenula of the oral cavity, require an adequate knowledge of the development processes of the organism and diagnostic procedures, in order to preserve structural and functional integrity of stomatognathic system, structures and organs connected to it.
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|Titolo:||Orthodontic problems of pathological frenulum: importance of intercepted diagnosis and of timing treatment|
IMPELLIZZERI, Alessandra (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|