Even though membranes are considered in many aspects a mature technology, a range of features are still in development and under investigation. Regarding this, the main handicap of this technology is inevitably membrane fouling. Fouling issues have investigated by many research groups in the last years to convince investors to implement membranes as substitutes of a range of unit operations at industrial scale. In the wastewater treatment field, this is especially problematic, given the low economic value of the product, that is, treated water. On another hand, the management of the effluents generated by olive oil industries, olive mill wastewaters (OMW), is a task of global concern not anymore constrained to a specific region. These wastewaters represent an ever-increasing problem still unresolved. The present work was aimed for the modelling and optimization of a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane operation for the purification of pretreated olive mill wastewater, with a focus on the dynamic fouling development minimization on the selected membrane as a function of the set-up of the operating conditions. For this goal, beforehand a factorial design was implemented for the optimization of the RO treatment of the OMW stream. The results gathered were thereafter interpreted by means of the response surface methodology. A significant impact was noted to be driven by the operating pressure and the tangential velocity on the fouling rate on the RO membrane. The response surfaces withdrawn from the experimental data support the previous results, and the optimised parameters - ambient temperature range (24 - 25 °C), moderate operating pressure (25 - 30 bar) and turbulent tangential flow (3.1 - 3.5 m s -1 ) - were found to provide a stable permeate flux of 32.3 - 38.5 L h -1 m -2 . These results reveal the proposed process could be operated successfully at ambient temperature conditions and medium operating pressure, boosting the economic efficiency of the RO purification of this effluent. Finally, the parametric quality standards stablished to reuse the purified effluent for irrigation purposes were checked and found to be satisfactory.

Optimization study of the fouling build-up on a RO membrane for pretrated olive mill wastewater purification / Ochando-Pulido, Javier M.; Stoller, Marco; Martínez-Férez, Antonio. - In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS. - ISSN 2283-9216. - STAMPA. - 60(2017), pp. 247-252. [10.3303/CET1760042]

Optimization study of the fouling build-up on a RO membrane for pretrated olive mill wastewater purification

Stoller, Marco;
2017

Abstract

Even though membranes are considered in many aspects a mature technology, a range of features are still in development and under investigation. Regarding this, the main handicap of this technology is inevitably membrane fouling. Fouling issues have investigated by many research groups in the last years to convince investors to implement membranes as substitutes of a range of unit operations at industrial scale. In the wastewater treatment field, this is especially problematic, given the low economic value of the product, that is, treated water. On another hand, the management of the effluents generated by olive oil industries, olive mill wastewaters (OMW), is a task of global concern not anymore constrained to a specific region. These wastewaters represent an ever-increasing problem still unresolved. The present work was aimed for the modelling and optimization of a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane operation for the purification of pretreated olive mill wastewater, with a focus on the dynamic fouling development minimization on the selected membrane as a function of the set-up of the operating conditions. For this goal, beforehand a factorial design was implemented for the optimization of the RO treatment of the OMW stream. The results gathered were thereafter interpreted by means of the response surface methodology. A significant impact was noted to be driven by the operating pressure and the tangential velocity on the fouling rate on the RO membrane. The response surfaces withdrawn from the experimental data support the previous results, and the optimised parameters - ambient temperature range (24 - 25 °C), moderate operating pressure (25 - 30 bar) and turbulent tangential flow (3.1 - 3.5 m s -1 ) - were found to provide a stable permeate flux of 32.3 - 38.5 L h -1 m -2 . These results reveal the proposed process could be operated successfully at ambient temperature conditions and medium operating pressure, boosting the economic efficiency of the RO purification of this effluent. Finally, the parametric quality standards stablished to reuse the purified effluent for irrigation purposes were checked and found to be satisfactory.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1073300
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