Ultralight scalar fields around spinning black holes can trigger superradiant instabilities, forming a long-lived bosonic condensate outside the horizon. We use numerical solutions of the perturbed field equations and astrophysical models of massive and stellar-mass black hole populations to compute, for the first time, the stochastic gravitational-wave background from these sources. In optimistic scenarios the background is observable by Advanced LIGO and LISA for field masses ms in the range ∼[2×10-13,10-12] and ∼5×[10-19,10-16]  eV, respectively, and it can affect the detectability of resolvable sources. Our estimates suggest that an analysis of the stochastic background limits from LIGO O1 might already be used to marginally exclude axions with mass ∼10-12.5  eV. Semicoherent searches with Advanced LIGO (LISA) should detect ∼15(5) to 200(40) resolvable sources for scalar field masses 3×10-13 (10-17)  eV. LISA measurements of massive BH spins could either rule out bosons in the range ∼[10-18,2×10-13]  eV, or measure ms with 10% accuracy in the range ∼[10-17,10-13]  eV.

Stochastic and Resolvable Gravitational Waves from Ultralight Bosons / Brito, Richard; Ghosh, Shrobana; Barausse, Enrico; Berti, Emanuele; Cardoso, Vitor; Dvorkin, Irina; Klein, Antoine; Pani, Paolo. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 119:13(2017), p. 131101. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.131101]

Stochastic and Resolvable Gravitational Waves from Ultralight Bosons

Brito, Richard;Pani, Paolo
2017

Abstract

Ultralight scalar fields around spinning black holes can trigger superradiant instabilities, forming a long-lived bosonic condensate outside the horizon. We use numerical solutions of the perturbed field equations and astrophysical models of massive and stellar-mass black hole populations to compute, for the first time, the stochastic gravitational-wave background from these sources. In optimistic scenarios the background is observable by Advanced LIGO and LISA for field masses ms in the range ∼[2×10-13,10-12] and ∼5×[10-19,10-16]  eV, respectively, and it can affect the detectability of resolvable sources. Our estimates suggest that an analysis of the stochastic background limits from LIGO O1 might already be used to marginally exclude axions with mass ∼10-12.5  eV. Semicoherent searches with Advanced LIGO (LISA) should detect ∼15(5) to 200(40) resolvable sources for scalar field masses 3×10-13 (10-17)  eV. LISA measurements of massive BH spins could either rule out bosons in the range ∼[10-18,2×10-13]  eV, or measure ms with 10% accuracy in the range ∼[10-17,10-13]  eV.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1070796
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