Titanium (Ti) is the most widely used metal in biomedical applications because of its biocompatibility; however, the significant difference in the mechanical properties between Ti and the surrounding tissues results in stress shielding which is detrimental for load-bearing tissues. In the current study, to attenuate the stress shielding effect, a new processing route was developed. It aimed at growing thick poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) layers grafted on Ti substrates to incorporate a polymer component on Ti implants. However, the currently available methods do not allow the development of thick polymeric layers, reducing significantly their potential uses. The proposed route consists of an alkali activation of Ti substrates followed by a surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization using a phosphonic acid derivative as a coupling agent and a polymerization initiator and malononitrile as a polymerization activator. The average thickness of the grown PMMA layers is approximately 1.9 μm. The Ti activation-performed in a NaOH solution-leads to a porous sodium titanate interlayer with a hierarchical structure and an open microporosity. It promotes the covalent grafting reaction because of high hydroxyl groups' content and enables establishing a further mechanical interlocking between the growing PMMA layer and the Ti substrate. As a result, the produced graduated structure possesses high Ti/PMMA adhesion strength (∼260 MPa). Moreover, the PMMA layer is (i) thicker compared to those obtained with the previously reported techniques (∼1.9 μm), (ii) stable in a simulated body fluid solution, and (iii) biocompatible. This strategy opens new opportunities toward hybrid prosthesis with adjustable mechanical properties with respect to host bone properties for personalized medicines.

Novel Alkali Activation of Titanium Substrates To Grow Thick and Covalently Bound PMMA Layers / Reggente, Melania; Masson, Patrick; Dollinger, Camille; Palkowski, Heinz; Zafeiratos, Spyridon; Jacomine, Leandro; Passeri, Daniele; Rossi, Marco; Vrana, Nihal Engin; Pourroy, Geneviève; Carradò, Adele. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8244. - STAMPA. - 10:6(2018), pp. 5967-5977-5977. [10.1021/acsami.7b17008]

Novel Alkali Activation of Titanium Substrates To Grow Thick and Covalently Bound PMMA Layers

Reggente, Melania;Passeri, Daniele
;
Rossi, Marco;
2018

Abstract

Titanium (Ti) is the most widely used metal in biomedical applications because of its biocompatibility; however, the significant difference in the mechanical properties between Ti and the surrounding tissues results in stress shielding which is detrimental for load-bearing tissues. In the current study, to attenuate the stress shielding effect, a new processing route was developed. It aimed at growing thick poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) layers grafted on Ti substrates to incorporate a polymer component on Ti implants. However, the currently available methods do not allow the development of thick polymeric layers, reducing significantly their potential uses. The proposed route consists of an alkali activation of Ti substrates followed by a surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization using a phosphonic acid derivative as a coupling agent and a polymerization initiator and malononitrile as a polymerization activator. The average thickness of the grown PMMA layers is approximately 1.9 μm. The Ti activation-performed in a NaOH solution-leads to a porous sodium titanate interlayer with a hierarchical structure and an open microporosity. It promotes the covalent grafting reaction because of high hydroxyl groups' content and enables establishing a further mechanical interlocking between the growing PMMA layer and the Ti substrate. As a result, the produced graduated structure possesses high Ti/PMMA adhesion strength (∼260 MPa). Moreover, the PMMA layer is (i) thicker compared to those obtained with the previously reported techniques (∼1.9 μm), (ii) stable in a simulated body fluid solution, and (iii) biocompatible. This strategy opens new opportunities toward hybrid prosthesis with adjustable mechanical properties with respect to host bone properties for personalized medicines.
PMMA-coated titanium; SI-ATRP; adhesion; biocompatibility; polymer−metal interface
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Novel Alkali Activation of Titanium Substrates To Grow Thick and Covalently Bound PMMA Layers / Reggente, Melania; Masson, Patrick; Dollinger, Camille; Palkowski, Heinz; Zafeiratos, Spyridon; Jacomine, Leandro; Passeri, Daniele; Rossi, Marco; Vrana, Nihal Engin; Pourroy, Geneviève; Carradò, Adele. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8244. - STAMPA. - 10:6(2018), pp. 5967-5977-5977. [10.1021/acsami.7b17008]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
2018_Reggente_ACSApplMaterInter_10_2018_p5967.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 2.08 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.08 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1068678
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact