Objective: Left ventricular hypertrophy regression is assumed to be one of the most important goals after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. A moderate decrease in the glomerular filtration rate is associated with a significantly increased risk of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensive patients. The effect of moderate kidney disease on left ventricular hypertrophic remodeling in other conditions of chronic left ventricular pressure overload, such as aortic stenosis, remains unknown. Therefore we tested the hypothesis that moderate chronic kidney disease affects left ventricular mass regression in patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. Methods: In 157 patients with aortic stenosis, left ventricular mass regression was assessed at 18 months after aortic valve replacement. Among them, 73 (46%) had a moderate chronic kidney disease (glomerular filtration rate between 60 and 30 mL/min per 1.73 m2). Patients with severely impaired kidney function (glomerular filtration rate of<30 mL/min per 1.73 m2) were excluded. Results: After surgical intervention, left ventricular mass was significantly lower from baseline value in both groups, but patients with moderate chronic kidney disease continued to show an increased left ventricular mass (61 18 vs 50 16 g/m2.7, P ¼ .0001). The baseline glomerular filtration rate was significantly related to left ventricular mass at 18 months after surgical intervention (b¼0.17, r2 ¼ 0.45, P ¼ .01) and left ventricular mass absolute (b ¼ 0.18, r2 ¼ 0.19, P ¼ .03) and relative (b ¼ 0.20, r2 ¼ 0.21, P ¼ .02) regression. These associations persisted after adjusting for confounding factors, including hypertension and patient–prosthesis mismatch. After a mean time of 34 12 months from surgical intervention, congestive heart failure symptoms developed mainly in subjects with moderate chronic kidney disease (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.9; 95%confidence interval, 1.2–3.9; P ¼ .035). Conclusions: Patients with aortic stenosis with concomitant moderate chronic kidney disease present a less evident left ventricular mass regression after aortic valve replacement. Moreover, this condition is related to an increased occurrence of congestive heart failure after surgical intervention.

Moderate chronic kidney disease and left ventricular hypertrophy after aortic valve replacement for aortic valve stenosis / Benedetto, Umberto; Melina, G; Angeloni, Emiliano; Refice, Simone; Scafani, G; Roscitano, A; Tonelli, Euclide; Sinatra, Riccardo. - In: JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0022-5223. - 139 (4):(2010), pp. 881-886. [10.1016/j.jtcvs.2009.05.041]

Moderate chronic kidney disease and left ventricular hypertrophy after aortic valve replacement for aortic valve stenosis.

BENEDETTO, UMBERTO;MELINA G;ANGELONI, EMILIANO;REFICE, SIMONE;TONELLI, Euclide;SINATRA, Riccardo
2010

Abstract

Objective: Left ventricular hypertrophy regression is assumed to be one of the most important goals after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. A moderate decrease in the glomerular filtration rate is associated with a significantly increased risk of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensive patients. The effect of moderate kidney disease on left ventricular hypertrophic remodeling in other conditions of chronic left ventricular pressure overload, such as aortic stenosis, remains unknown. Therefore we tested the hypothesis that moderate chronic kidney disease affects left ventricular mass regression in patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. Methods: In 157 patients with aortic stenosis, left ventricular mass regression was assessed at 18 months after aortic valve replacement. Among them, 73 (46%) had a moderate chronic kidney disease (glomerular filtration rate between 60 and 30 mL/min per 1.73 m2). Patients with severely impaired kidney function (glomerular filtration rate of<30 mL/min per 1.73 m2) were excluded. Results: After surgical intervention, left ventricular mass was significantly lower from baseline value in both groups, but patients with moderate chronic kidney disease continued to show an increased left ventricular mass (61 18 vs 50 16 g/m2.7, P ¼ .0001). The baseline glomerular filtration rate was significantly related to left ventricular mass at 18 months after surgical intervention (b¼0.17, r2 ¼ 0.45, P ¼ .01) and left ventricular mass absolute (b ¼ 0.18, r2 ¼ 0.19, P ¼ .03) and relative (b ¼ 0.20, r2 ¼ 0.21, P ¼ .02) regression. These associations persisted after adjusting for confounding factors, including hypertension and patient–prosthesis mismatch. After a mean time of 34 12 months from surgical intervention, congestive heart failure symptoms developed mainly in subjects with moderate chronic kidney disease (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.9; 95%confidence interval, 1.2–3.9; P ¼ .035). Conclusions: Patients with aortic stenosis with concomitant moderate chronic kidney disease present a less evident left ventricular mass regression after aortic valve replacement. Moreover, this condition is related to an increased occurrence of congestive heart failure after surgical intervention.
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/105663
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact