Background. Hygiene and surveillance in swimming pools are established by WHO guidelines and national laws. Progress in water management and pool construction is revolutionizing the field, introducing new materials, systems, disinfection procedures or monitoring markers. Innovation advances challenge the upgrading of safety and quality in pools and the appropriate implementation of guidelines. Study design. In order to provide a device for laboratory test, a prototype was realized and applied to study and compare swimming pool materials and treatments. Methods. A pool scale-model was engineered and evaluated by computational fluid dynamics algorithms. An automated real time monitoring assured steady state. Critical control points along the water circuit were made accessible to allow the placing of different biocides or water sampling. Simulations were safely performed in a standard hood. Materials for pool surfaces and pipelines were evaluated for biofilm formation under different disinfection conditions. Adherent microorganisms were assayed by mfDNA analysis using real time PCR. Results. The prototype reached the steady state within 5-25 hours under different conditions, showing chemical, physical and fluid-dynamic stability. A method was optimized for testing materials showing their different response to biofilm induction. Several innovative PVC samples displayed highest resistance to bacterial adhesion. Conclusions. A device and method was developed for testing swimming pool hygiene parameters in laboratory. It allowed to test materials for pools hygiene and maintenance, including biofilm formation. It can be applied to simulate contaminations under different water treatments or disinfection strategies. It may support technical decisions and policy makers in acquiring evidences for comparing or validating innovative solutions.

Development of the laboratory prototype “CavyPool” for assessing treatments and materials for swimming pools / Valeriani, Federica; Gianfranceschi, Gianluca; Vitali, Matteo; Protano, Carmela; Romano Spica, Vincenzo. - In: ANNALI DI IGIENE MEDICINA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITÀ. - ISSN 1120-9135. - STAMPA. - 29:6(2017), pp. 548-560. [10.7416/ai.2017.2184]

Development of the laboratory prototype “CavyPool” for assessing treatments and materials for swimming pools

Matteo Vitali;Carmela Protano;
2017

Abstract

Background. Hygiene and surveillance in swimming pools are established by WHO guidelines and national laws. Progress in water management and pool construction is revolutionizing the field, introducing new materials, systems, disinfection procedures or monitoring markers. Innovation advances challenge the upgrading of safety and quality in pools and the appropriate implementation of guidelines. Study design. In order to provide a device for laboratory test, a prototype was realized and applied to study and compare swimming pool materials and treatments. Methods. A pool scale-model was engineered and evaluated by computational fluid dynamics algorithms. An automated real time monitoring assured steady state. Critical control points along the water circuit were made accessible to allow the placing of different biocides or water sampling. Simulations were safely performed in a standard hood. Materials for pool surfaces and pipelines were evaluated for biofilm formation under different disinfection conditions. Adherent microorganisms were assayed by mfDNA analysis using real time PCR. Results. The prototype reached the steady state within 5-25 hours under different conditions, showing chemical, physical and fluid-dynamic stability. A method was optimized for testing materials showing their different response to biofilm induction. Several innovative PVC samples displayed highest resistance to bacterial adhesion. Conclusions. A device and method was developed for testing swimming pool hygiene parameters in laboratory. It allowed to test materials for pools hygiene and maintenance, including biofilm formation. It can be applied to simulate contaminations under different water treatments or disinfection strategies. It may support technical decisions and policy makers in acquiring evidences for comparing or validating innovative solutions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1028561
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