The trophoblast invasion is a dynamic changes in cell-cell and cell matrix interaction and it create in the endometrio a reaction similar to the inflammatory reaction. In the recent past most of the investigator in this field had focus on the mediator of this process especially on cytokine and on vasoactive agent. We have studied the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), adrenomedullin (AM), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and S-100 protein. Several evidences had lead our choice: the two first factors are essentially local mediator of vasospasm which works in synergy during the inflammatory reaction, but the AM I addition stimulates the DNA synthesis and cell proliferation of Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts, induces the cell cycle progression from G0 to G1 phase and the malignant cell lines express AM mRNA and mRNA for its receptor and the pattern of distribution of ir-AM and its mRNA during murine development is similar to that of other growth factors (TGFb isoforms, PDGF, FGF, IGF 1 and 2); Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is a major biosynthetic enzyme of intracellular fatty acid synthesis, its expression and activity is enhanced in proliferative tissues, such as malignant cells; S-100 is an acid calcium binding protein present in central nervous system where it is in mainly concentrated in the glial cells, astrocytes, Schwann cells, and neurons. It regulates several functions such as cell-cell communication, cell growth, cell structure, energy metabolism, contraction, and intracellular signal transduction. Recently the appearance in blood of S100 in preterm infants has been used as a marker of brain damage in perinatal period. The iNOS, AM, S100 and FAS are localized in both decidual and trophoblastic cells in early pregnancy, but we found that changes in iNOS, S100, AM, and FAS are different in spontaneous abortion (SA) versus voluntary pregnancy termination (VPT). Considering the VPT as non pathologic pregnancy, this difference may reflect functional modifications of placental tissues. Our result shown that AM and NO are increased in VPT vs SA showing that when the process of implantation is on course we found an higher expression that we have during the inflammatory reaction. [Table: see text]
New placental factors: Between implantation and inflammatory reaction / Urban, G; Marinoni, E; Di Iorio, R; Lucchini, C; Alo, P; Di Tondo, U.. - In: EARLY PREGNANCY. - ISSN 1354-4195. - STAMPA. - 5:1(2001), pp. 70-71.
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|Titolo:||New placental factors: Between implantation and inflammatory reaction|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Citazione:||New placental factors: Between implantation and inflammatory reaction / Urban, G; Marinoni, E; Di Iorio, R; Lucchini, C; Alo, P; Di Tondo, U.. - In: EARLY PREGNANCY. - ISSN 1354-4195. - STAMPA. - 5:1(2001), pp. 70-71.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|