The influence of Ca2+ concentration on the growth of the microalga Scenedesmus sp. in heterotrophic and photoautotrophic cultivations was investigated. Heterotrophic growth was induced by the addition of olive mill wastewaters (9% v·v-1) to the culture. Variations in the calcium concentration affected differently biomass production depending on whether microalgae were cultivated under heterotrophic or photoautotrophic regime. In photoautotrophic regime, increasing the calcium concentration from 20 to 230mgL-1 decreased maximum cell concentration and growth rate. In heterotrophic cultivation, cell concentration and growth rate decreased with Ca2+ concentration increasing from 20 to 80mgL-1 but then increased with Ca2+ concentration increasing to 230mgL-1. Increasing calcium concentration invariably promoted cell aggregation. The precipitation of calcium phosphates can explain the decreasing growth rate and cell concentration attained with increasing calcium concentration, while the influence of Ca2+ concentration on the adsorption of phenols on suspended solids can explain the enhanced growth attained at large Ca2+ concentration under heterotrophic regime. Implications of the illustrated results for industrial scale application of microalgae are thoroughly discussed. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Effect of Ca2+ concentration on Scenedesmus sp. growth in heterotrophic and photoautotrophic cultivation / Di Caprio, Fabrizio; Altimari, Pietro; Pagnanelli, Francesca. - In: NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1871-6784. - STAMPA. - 40:(2018), pp. 228-235. [10.1016/j.nbt.2017.09.003]

Effect of Ca2+ concentration on Scenedesmus sp. growth in heterotrophic and photoautotrophic cultivation

Di Caprio, Fabrizio;Altimari, Pietro
;
Pagnanelli, Francesca
2018

Abstract

The influence of Ca2+ concentration on the growth of the microalga Scenedesmus sp. in heterotrophic and photoautotrophic cultivations was investigated. Heterotrophic growth was induced by the addition of olive mill wastewaters (9% v·v-1) to the culture. Variations in the calcium concentration affected differently biomass production depending on whether microalgae were cultivated under heterotrophic or photoautotrophic regime. In photoautotrophic regime, increasing the calcium concentration from 20 to 230mgL-1 decreased maximum cell concentration and growth rate. In heterotrophic cultivation, cell concentration and growth rate decreased with Ca2+ concentration increasing from 20 to 80mgL-1 but then increased with Ca2+ concentration increasing to 230mgL-1. Increasing calcium concentration invariably promoted cell aggregation. The precipitation of calcium phosphates can explain the decreasing growth rate and cell concentration attained with increasing calcium concentration, while the influence of Ca2+ concentration on the adsorption of phenols on suspended solids can explain the enhanced growth attained at large Ca2+ concentration under heterotrophic regime. Implications of the illustrated results for industrial scale application of microalgae are thoroughly discussed. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
calcium; heterotrophic growth; microalgae; olive mill wastewater; Scenedesmus sp
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Effect of Ca2+ concentration on Scenedesmus sp. growth in heterotrophic and photoautotrophic cultivation / Di Caprio, Fabrizio; Altimari, Pietro; Pagnanelli, Francesca. - In: NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1871-6784. - STAMPA. - 40:(2018), pp. 228-235. [10.1016/j.nbt.2017.09.003]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1026157
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