Discharge areas of carbonate fractured and karstified aquifers are a sensitive system of great interest, where frequently groundwater resources are tapped for drinking water supply. In geological settings affected by recent and/or active tectonics, mixing between fresh water coming from recharge areas and groundwater from deeper circuits, influenced by raising fluids, influences hydrogeochemistry. Surveys on major ions, trace elements and stable isotopes have been performed in the San Vittorino Plain (Central Italy), where the major source of drinking water for Rome is located (Peschiera Springs, mean discharge 18 m3 s−1, half of them tapped). Results of 21 springs revealed different contribution from recharge areas and deep flow paths, by increasing salinity and ion content, with particular references to Ca2+, HCO3 − and SO4 2−. Three main groups, respectively, related to fresh waters from recharge areas, groundwater from deep contribution and a mixing group between them, have been identified. Water stable isotopes allow to identify the common origin from rainfall and a very steady contribution with seasons and year, due to the huge extent of recharge area (>1000 km2). Saturation Indexes gave insight on the contribution of deep fluids, mainly CO2 and H2S, which turned groundwater to undersaturated conditions, facilitating rock dissolution. By PHREEQC software, the mixing between two considered end-members has been simulated, evaluating about 25% of deep contribution in the basal springs of San Vittorino Plain. Chemistry of Peschiera spring reveals a very limited percentage of deep flow paths (10%), which can lead to slight hydrochemistry changes even in possible drought conditions, when discharge can decrease until 15 m3 s−1.

Groundwater mixing in the discharge area of San Vittorino Plain (Central Italy). Geochemical characterization and implication for drinking uses / Barbieri, Maurizio; Nigro, Angela; Petitta, Marco. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1866-6280. - ELETTRONICO. - 76:11(2017). [10.1007/s12665-017-6719-1]

Groundwater mixing in the discharge area of San Vittorino Plain (Central Italy). Geochemical characterization and implication for drinking uses

Barbieri, Maurizio
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Nigro, Angela
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Petitta, Marco
2017

Abstract

Discharge areas of carbonate fractured and karstified aquifers are a sensitive system of great interest, where frequently groundwater resources are tapped for drinking water supply. In geological settings affected by recent and/or active tectonics, mixing between fresh water coming from recharge areas and groundwater from deeper circuits, influenced by raising fluids, influences hydrogeochemistry. Surveys on major ions, trace elements and stable isotopes have been performed in the San Vittorino Plain (Central Italy), where the major source of drinking water for Rome is located (Peschiera Springs, mean discharge 18 m3 s−1, half of them tapped). Results of 21 springs revealed different contribution from recharge areas and deep flow paths, by increasing salinity and ion content, with particular references to Ca2+, HCO3 − and SO4 2−. Three main groups, respectively, related to fresh waters from recharge areas, groundwater from deep contribution and a mixing group between them, have been identified. Water stable isotopes allow to identify the common origin from rainfall and a very steady contribution with seasons and year, due to the huge extent of recharge area (>1000 km2). Saturation Indexes gave insight on the contribution of deep fluids, mainly CO2 and H2S, which turned groundwater to undersaturated conditions, facilitating rock dissolution. By PHREEQC software, the mixing between two considered end-members has been simulated, evaluating about 25% of deep contribution in the basal springs of San Vittorino Plain. Chemistry of Peschiera spring reveals a very limited percentage of deep flow paths (10%), which can lead to slight hydrochemistry changes even in possible drought conditions, when discharge can decrease until 15 m3 s−1.
2017
drinking water; geochemical characterization; groundwater mixing; stable isotopes; strontium isotope; global and planetary change; environmental chemistry; water science and technology; soil science; pollution; geology; earth-surface processes
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Groundwater mixing in the discharge area of San Vittorino Plain (Central Italy). Geochemical characterization and implication for drinking uses / Barbieri, Maurizio; Nigro, Angela; Petitta, Marco. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1866-6280. - ELETTRONICO. - 76:11(2017). [10.1007/s12665-017-6719-1]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1023435
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