Tomato is a well-known model organism both at the genetic and molecular level, and one of the most important commercial food crops in the world. Transgenic tomato plants, transformed with the rolB oncogene, have been studied in order to evaluate genes differentially expressed in respect of untransformed plants. By Suppression Subtractive Hybridization method (SSH) and cDNA sequencing analyses, 20 clones have been found to be upregulated following transformation, and their putative functions have been characterised by homology searches against the GenBank database. All cDNAs matched with high significance to sequences involved in stress response, basal metabolism, signal transduction and gene expression. Among these, five genes engaged in chloroplast function have been identified. These genes, directly or indirectly induced by rolB, participate in protection from light and oxidative stress, in capture and transfer of light energy, CO2 diffusion, and cytochrome involvement in chloroplast electron transport chain. Photosynthesis efficiency measurement by three different photosynthetic parameters (Fv/Fm, rETR, NPQ) showed in rolB plants a significant increase in non-photochemical quenching and a, b chlorophyll content. Our results add a new competence for rolB when integrated into the tomato plant genome. Transgenic plants alter their response to the environment, regulating a primary and central plant metabolism such as photosynthesis. Assays are currently in progress to verify the effect on transgenic tomato of specific light wavelengths.
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|Titolo:||The rolB oncogene improves photosynthesis efficiency and chlorophyll content in transgenic tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L.) plants.|
MAURO, Maria Luisa (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||04d Abstract in atti di convegno|