A considerable amount of charcoal remains from the archaeological site of Arslantepe (Eastern Anatolia) has been analysed. The anthracological assemblage comes from seven archaeological periods, ranging from the Late Chalcolithic 1–2 (mid-5th millennium BCE) to the Early Bronze Age III (late 3rd millennium BCE). The woody taxa exploited by the local communities appeared to have only mi- nor changes throughout the investigated periods. For the eval- uation of wood use practices, charcoal was chronologically grouped according to depositional context. The categories of depositional context identified differentiate between the uses of wood for structural parts of buildings, object manufacture, fuel, refuse, and wood found in outdoor areas or in burial contexts. Communities at Arslantepe, characterized by different cultural and socio-economic traits, appeared overall to select timber de- pending on its use: hydrophilous plants prevail in building mate- rial, with the exception of the 2900–2500 BCE period when environmental constraints probably motivate the dominance of woodland-steppe plants. The differential occurrence of Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12520-017-0499-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. taxa in the diverse depositional contexts highlighted cases of under/overestimation of remains, in particular in relation to the woods for construction. Finally, taxa have been attributed to different ecological groups. The interpretation of results and the comparison with other available palaeoenvironmental data point out that climatic factors play only a secondary role in the choice of wood exploitation in the area. Human choice may vary even with constant environmental records.

Timber exploitation during the 5th–3rd millennia BCE at Arslantepe (Malatya, Turkey). Environmental constraints and cultural choices / Masi, Alessia; Balossi Restelli, Francesca; Sabato, Diego; Vignola, Cristiano; Sadori, Laura. - In: ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1866-9557. - STAMPA. - 10:2(2018), pp. 465-483. [10.1007/s12520-017-0499-0]

Timber exploitation during the 5th–3rd millennia BCE at Arslantepe (Malatya, Turkey). Environmental constraints and cultural choices

Masi, Alessia
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Balossi Restelli, Francesca
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Sabato, Diego
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Vignola, Cristiano
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Sadori, Laura
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2018

Abstract

A considerable amount of charcoal remains from the archaeological site of Arslantepe (Eastern Anatolia) has been analysed. The anthracological assemblage comes from seven archaeological periods, ranging from the Late Chalcolithic 1–2 (mid-5th millennium BCE) to the Early Bronze Age III (late 3rd millennium BCE). The woody taxa exploited by the local communities appeared to have only mi- nor changes throughout the investigated periods. For the eval- uation of wood use practices, charcoal was chronologically grouped according to depositional context. The categories of depositional context identified differentiate between the uses of wood for structural parts of buildings, object manufacture, fuel, refuse, and wood found in outdoor areas or in burial contexts. Communities at Arslantepe, characterized by different cultural and socio-economic traits, appeared overall to select timber de- pending on its use: hydrophilous plants prevail in building mate- rial, with the exception of the 2900–2500 BCE period when environmental constraints probably motivate the dominance of woodland-steppe plants. The differential occurrence of Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12520-017-0499-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. taxa in the diverse depositional contexts highlighted cases of under/overestimation of remains, in particular in relation to the woods for construction. Finally, taxa have been attributed to different ecological groups. The interpretation of results and the comparison with other available palaeoenvironmental data point out that climatic factors play only a secondary role in the choice of wood exploitation in the area. Human choice may vary even with constant environmental records.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1016161
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