Amphetamine congeners can be prescribed as anorexiant drugs, despite their potential side effects, including cardiac toxicity. However, the morphologic features of cardiac damage related to protracted use of these compounds are unknown. We provide a detailed description of cardiac autopsy findings in three cases of sudden death associated with protracted use of high-doses of phendimetrazine and/or phenylpropanolamine or bupropion prescribed as anorexiants, in association with other compounds. The main cardiac findings were similar in all three cases: i) mild-moderate hypertrophy of the left ventricle and/or the septum; ii) myocardial non-ischemic scarring (mid-mural and/or sub-epicardial) appearing as discrete foci or with a band/like morphology; iii) mild-moderate intramural small vessel disease, in absence of significant epicardial coronary artery stenosis; iv) acute/recent inflammatory lesions consistent with toxic myocarditis. In summary, the detailed pathology examination of the heart in these three cases revealed myocardial lesions identical to those reported in catecholamine myocardial damage, in all their various stages of evolution. In presence of a clinical history of long-term intake of anorexiants of this category, it is most important at autopsy to recognize and correctly interpret the acute and chronic myocardial lesions of the type herein described, since they represent an anatomical substrate for arrhythmic death.

Cardiac pathologic findings in three unusual cases of sudden cardiac death related to anorexiant drugs / Leone, Ornella; Agostini, Valentina; Foà, Alberto; Cerbelli, Bruna; DI GIOIA, Cira Rosaria Tiziana; Aromatario, Mariarosaria; Ciallella, Costantino; Lucena, Joaquin; D'Amati, Giulia. - In: HUMAN PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0046-8177. - STAMPA. - 69:(2017), pp. 101-109. [10.1016/j.humpath.2017.09.014]

Cardiac pathologic findings in three unusual cases of sudden cardiac death related to anorexiant drugs

CERBELLI, BRUNA;DI GIOIA, Cira Rosaria Tiziana;AROMATARIO, MARIAROSARIA;CIALLELLA, Costantino;D'AMATI, Giulia
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Amphetamine congeners can be prescribed as anorexiant drugs, despite their potential side effects, including cardiac toxicity. However, the morphologic features of cardiac damage related to protracted use of these compounds are unknown. We provide a detailed description of cardiac autopsy findings in three cases of sudden death associated with protracted use of high-doses of phendimetrazine and/or phenylpropanolamine or bupropion prescribed as anorexiants, in association with other compounds. The main cardiac findings were similar in all three cases: i) mild-moderate hypertrophy of the left ventricle and/or the septum; ii) myocardial non-ischemic scarring (mid-mural and/or sub-epicardial) appearing as discrete foci or with a band/like morphology; iii) mild-moderate intramural small vessel disease, in absence of significant epicardial coronary artery stenosis; iv) acute/recent inflammatory lesions consistent with toxic myocarditis. In summary, the detailed pathology examination of the heart in these three cases revealed myocardial lesions identical to those reported in catecholamine myocardial damage, in all their various stages of evolution. In presence of a clinical history of long-term intake of anorexiants of this category, it is most important at autopsy to recognize and correctly interpret the acute and chronic myocardial lesions of the type herein described, since they represent an anatomical substrate for arrhythmic death.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Leone_Cardiac_2017.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 3.06 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.06 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1013489
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact