OBJECTIVES: Global early gadolinium enhancement (EGE) is an accepted cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) criterion for diagnosis of myocarditis. However, recommended enhancement thresholds are based specifically on standard-relaxivity Gd-chelates. We evaluated the performance of a high relaxivity MR contrast agent for detection of myocardial hyperemia in patients referred for endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 54 patients (mean age: 44.1 years [range=18-77years]; 72% men) with suspected myocarditis who underwent CMR and EMB within four weeks of clinical onset. CMR imaging protocol included T2-weighted short tau inversion-recovery sequence, EGE and late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) imaging. For EGE imaging, free-breathing ECG-gated turbo spin echo T1-weighted (TSE T1w) sequences were acquired before and within the first three minutes after gadobenate dimeglumine (0.1mmol/Kg) administration. The ratio (EGEr) between myocardial and musculoskeletal early enhancement was calculated. Myocardial edema, EGE and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) were correlated with EMB results. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis of EGE values was applied on the overall population. RESULTS: EMB revealed myocarditis in 34/54 patients. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy values of 0.61, 0.85 and 0.70, respectively, were obtained for a standard EGE threshold (EGEr>4.0). ROC analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.701 for EGEr (IC95%:0.556-0.846, p=0.014) and 0.706 for absolute enhancement (IC95%:0.563-0.849, p=0.012). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy values were 0.67, 0.80 and 0.72, respectively, for myocardial edema and 0.76, 0.75 and 0.76, respectively, for LGE. CONCLUSIONS: High relaxivity contrast agents provide comparable results to standard-relaxivity chelates for EGE assessment in diagnosing myocarditis.

Early myocardial gadolinium enhancement in patients with myocarditis: validation of "Lake Louise consensus" criteria using a single bolus of 0.1 mmol/Kg of a high relaxivity gadolinium-based contrast agent / Galea, Nicola; Francone, Marco; Fiorelli, Andrea; Noce, Vincenzo; Giannetta, Elisa; Chimenti, Cristina; Frustaci, Andrea; Catalano, Carlo; Carbone, Iacopo. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-048X. - 95:october 2017(2017), pp. 89-95. [10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.07.008]

Early myocardial gadolinium enhancement in patients with myocarditis: validation of "Lake Louise consensus" criteria using a single bolus of 0.1 mmol/Kg of a high relaxivity gadolinium-based contrast agent

GALEA, NICOLA
Primo
;
FRANCONE, MARCO
Secondo
;
FIORELLI, ANDREA
;
noce, vincenzo
;
GIANNETTA, ELISA
;
CHIMENTI, CRISTINA
;
FRUSTACI, ANDREA
;
CATALANO, Carlo
Penultimo
;
CARBONE, IACOPO
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Global early gadolinium enhancement (EGE) is an accepted cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) criterion for diagnosis of myocarditis. However, recommended enhancement thresholds are based specifically on standard-relaxivity Gd-chelates. We evaluated the performance of a high relaxivity MR contrast agent for detection of myocardial hyperemia in patients referred for endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 54 patients (mean age: 44.1 years [range=18-77years]; 72% men) with suspected myocarditis who underwent CMR and EMB within four weeks of clinical onset. CMR imaging protocol included T2-weighted short tau inversion-recovery sequence, EGE and late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) imaging. For EGE imaging, free-breathing ECG-gated turbo spin echo T1-weighted (TSE T1w) sequences were acquired before and within the first three minutes after gadobenate dimeglumine (0.1mmol/Kg) administration. The ratio (EGEr) between myocardial and musculoskeletal early enhancement was calculated. Myocardial edema, EGE and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) were correlated with EMB results. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis of EGE values was applied on the overall population. RESULTS: EMB revealed myocarditis in 34/54 patients. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy values of 0.61, 0.85 and 0.70, respectively, were obtained for a standard EGE threshold (EGEr>4.0). ROC analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.701 for EGEr (IC95%:0.556-0.846, p=0.014) and 0.706 for absolute enhancement (IC95%:0.563-0.849, p=0.012). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy values were 0.67, 0.80 and 0.72, respectively, for myocardial edema and 0.76, 0.75 and 0.76, respectively, for LGE. CONCLUSIONS: High relaxivity contrast agents provide comparable results to standard-relaxivity chelates for EGE assessment in diagnosing myocarditis.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Galea_Early_2017.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 797.54 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
797.54 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1013033
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact