Work-related noise exposure is one of the major factors contributing to the development of adult-onset hearing loss and tinnitus. The aim of this study was to analyze, in patients with chronic tinnitus and long-term occupational noise exposure, (A) characteristics of hearing loss, tinnitus, comorbidities, demographic characteristics and a history of work-related noise exposure and (B) differences among individuals employed in occupations with high and low risk of developing work-related noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). One hundred thirty six patients with chronic tinnitus and at least a 10 year-long working history were divided into two groups based on the risk of their profession to induce NIHL. Individuals employed in jobs at high risk for NIHL were mostly males and exhibited a poorer hearing threshold, more evident in the left ear. Tinnitus was mostly bilateral; the next largest presentation was left-sided; patients described their tinnitus as buzzing or high-pitched. Correlation between age, length of tinnitus and worse hearing was found. Patients with a higher degree of hearing impairment were mostly males and were more likely to have a family history of hearing loss and at least one cardiovascular comorbidity. Our study shows some differences in individuals with tinnitus and a history of a profession associated with increased exposure to NIHL compared to those without such a history.

Work-related noise exposure in a cohort of patients with chronic tinnitus: analysis of demographic and audiological characteristics / Ralli, Massimo; Balla, MARIA PAOLA; Greco, Antonio; Altissimi, Giancarlo; Ricci, Pasquale; Turchetta, Rosaria; De Virgilio, Armando; De Vincentiis, Marco; Ricci, Serafino; Cianfrone, Giancarlo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - STAMPA. - 14:9(2017), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/ijerph14091035]

Work-related noise exposure in a cohort of patients with chronic tinnitus: analysis of demographic and audiological characteristics

RALLI, MASSIMO
Primo
;
BALLA, MARIA PAOLA
Secondo
;
GRECO, Antonio;ALTISSIMI, Giancarlo;RICCI, PASQUALE;TURCHETTA, Rosaria;De Virgilio, Armando;De Vincentiis, Marco;RICCI, Serafino
Penultimo
;
CIANFRONE, Giancarlo
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Work-related noise exposure is one of the major factors contributing to the development of adult-onset hearing loss and tinnitus. The aim of this study was to analyze, in patients with chronic tinnitus and long-term occupational noise exposure, (A) characteristics of hearing loss, tinnitus, comorbidities, demographic characteristics and a history of work-related noise exposure and (B) differences among individuals employed in occupations with high and low risk of developing work-related noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). One hundred thirty six patients with chronic tinnitus and at least a 10 year-long working history were divided into two groups based on the risk of their profession to induce NIHL. Individuals employed in jobs at high risk for NIHL were mostly males and exhibited a poorer hearing threshold, more evident in the left ear. Tinnitus was mostly bilateral; the next largest presentation was left-sided; patients described their tinnitus as buzzing or high-pitched. Correlation between age, length of tinnitus and worse hearing was found. Patients with a higher degree of hearing impairment were mostly males and were more likely to have a family history of hearing loss and at least one cardiovascular comorbidity. Our study shows some differences in individuals with tinnitus and a history of a profession associated with increased exposure to NIHL compared to those without such a history.
2017
noise-induced hearing loss; occupational noise exposure; pure tone audiometry; tinnitus
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Work-related noise exposure in a cohort of patients with chronic tinnitus: analysis of demographic and audiological characteristics / Ralli, Massimo; Balla, MARIA PAOLA; Greco, Antonio; Altissimi, Giancarlo; Ricci, Pasquale; Turchetta, Rosaria; De Virgilio, Armando; De Vincentiis, Marco; Ricci, Serafino; Cianfrone, Giancarlo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - STAMPA. - 14:9(2017), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/ijerph14091035]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1002876
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