The examination of the construction of several approaches put forward to solve problems in topology and knot theory will enable us to shed light on the rational ways of advancing knowledge. In particular, I will consider two problems: the classification of knots and the classification of 3-manifolds. The first attempts to tell mathematical knots apart, searching for a complete invariant for them. In particular I will examine the approaches based respectively on colors, graphs, numbers, and braids, and the heuristic moves employed in them. The second attempts to tell 3-manifolds apart, again searching for a complete invariant for them. I will focus on a specific solution to it, namely the algebraic approach and the construction of the fundamental group, and the heuristic moves used in it. This examination will lead us to specify some key features of the ampliation of knowledge, such as the role of representation, theorem-proving and analogy, and will clear up some aspects of the very nature of mathematical objects.

Ways of advancing knowledge. A lesson from knot theory and topology / Ippoliti, Emiliano. - STAMPA. - 1(2016), pp. 141-172.

Ways of advancing knowledge. A lesson from knot theory and topology

Abstract

The examination of the construction of several approaches put forward to solve problems in topology and knot theory will enable us to shed light on the rational ways of advancing knowledge. In particular, I will consider two problems: the classification of knots and the classification of 3-manifolds. The first attempts to tell mathematical knots apart, searching for a complete invariant for them. In particular I will examine the approaches based respectively on colors, graphs, numbers, and braids, and the heuristic moves employed in them. The second attempts to tell 3-manifolds apart, again searching for a complete invariant for them. I will focus on a specific solution to it, namely the algebraic approach and the construction of the fundamental group, and the heuristic moves used in it. This examination will lead us to specify some key features of the ampliation of knowledge, such as the role of representation, theorem-proving and analogy, and will clear up some aspects of the very nature of mathematical objects.
Scheda breve Scheda completa
2016
Models and Inferences in Science
978-3-319-28162-9
models; inference; science; philosophy; heuristics; logic
02 Pubblicazione su volume::02a Capitolo o Articolo
Ways of advancing knowledge. A lesson from knot theory and topology / Ippoliti, Emiliano. - STAMPA. - 1(2016), pp. 141-172.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11573/889708`