Aim: To investigate the effects of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and familial dysmetabolisms on acne development. Methods: A community-based case-control study was carried out in Italy enrolling acneic outpatients of a dermatological ambulatory service as cases and clinically healthy acne-free subjects as controls. Food consumption was evaluated with a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet was assessed by a 10-point Mediterranean diet scale that incorporated the main characteristics of this diet. A logistic regression analysis estimated the variables that predicted the odds of being a case, using those variables that at the univariate analysis yielded a p-value <. 0.25. Results are presented as odds ratio (OR) or adjusted OR (AOR). Results: The study included 93 cases (36.6% males, median age 17 years) and 200 controls (32% males, median age 16 years). The Mediterranean Diet Score ≥. 6 revealed a protective effect toward acne (crude OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.08-0.64). Logistic regression analysis showed that familial hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, and hypertension are strong risk factors for acne (AOR 8.79, 95% CI 1.67-46.22; 3.32, 95% CI 1.27-8.63; and 2.73, 95% CI 1.07-6.96, respectively), while the Mediterranean diet represents a protective factor (score ≥. 6, AOR 0.31, 95% CI 0.11-0.89). Conclusions: The odds for familial dysmetabolisms was higher in cases than in controls, confirming their role in determining or maintaining acne. Moreover, this is the first study demonstrating a protective role of the Mediterranean diet in the pathogenesis of acne

The association between diet and acne. The specific protective value derived from the Mediterranean dietary pattern adherence / Saulle, R.; Semyonov, L.; Skroza, Nevena; Zuber, Sara; Potenza, Concetta; LA TORRE, Giuseppe. - (2015), pp. 533-543. [10.1016/B978-0-12-407849-9.00048-8].

The association between diet and acne. The specific protective value derived from the Mediterranean dietary pattern adherence

R. Saulle;L. Semyonov;SKROZA, Nevena;ZUBER, SARA;POTENZA, Concetta;LA TORRE, Giuseppe
2015

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effects of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and familial dysmetabolisms on acne development. Methods: A community-based case-control study was carried out in Italy enrolling acneic outpatients of a dermatological ambulatory service as cases and clinically healthy acne-free subjects as controls. Food consumption was evaluated with a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet was assessed by a 10-point Mediterranean diet scale that incorporated the main characteristics of this diet. A logistic regression analysis estimated the variables that predicted the odds of being a case, using those variables that at the univariate analysis yielded a p-value <. 0.25. Results are presented as odds ratio (OR) or adjusted OR (AOR). Results: The study included 93 cases (36.6% males, median age 17 years) and 200 controls (32% males, median age 16 years). The Mediterranean Diet Score ≥. 6 revealed a protective effect toward acne (crude OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.08-0.64). Logistic regression analysis showed that familial hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, and hypertension are strong risk factors for acne (AOR 8.79, 95% CI 1.67-46.22; 3.32, 95% CI 1.27-8.63; and 2.73, 95% CI 1.07-6.96, respectively), while the Mediterranean diet represents a protective factor (score ≥. 6, AOR 0.31, 95% CI 0.11-0.89). Conclusions: The odds for familial dysmetabolisms was higher in cases than in controls, confirming their role in determining or maintaining acne. Moreover, this is the first study demonstrating a protective role of the Mediterranean diet in the pathogenesis of acne
The Mediterranean diet. An evidence-based approach
mediterranean diet; acne; westernized diet
02 Pubblicazione su volume::02a Capitolo o Articolo
The association between diet and acne. The specific protective value derived from the Mediterranean dietary pattern adherence / Saulle, R.; Semyonov, L.; Skroza, Nevena; Zuber, Sara; Potenza, Concetta; LA TORRE, Giuseppe. - (2015), pp. 533-543. [10.1016/B978-0-12-407849-9.00048-8].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/710460
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