Terrestrial and microbial vegetal matrices are a major source of nutraceutically and pharmaceutically relevant chemical compounds of different nature. In several cases the consumption of the raw vegetal or microbial matrix has been part of established diet regimes and has provided the consumers with a host of once unknown dietary benefits. Nowadays, while the consumption of the raw matrix still provides the original functional value, the separation of bioactive-enriched fractions has enabled the production of nutraceuticals, while the addition of nutraceutical fractions to food previously lacking or partially possessing them has lead to the industrial production of functionalised or fortified food respectively. The separability of nutraceutically relevant fractions depends on the combination of several different features of the carrier matrix and of the fraction to be separated, namely: size, aggregation state and physical (hardness) and chemical (composition) features of the embodying matrix, chemical nature, bonding and degree of dispersion of the fraction of interest in the embodying matrix. Physical, chemical and electrostatic interactions between the embodying matrix, the fractions to be separated and exogenous agents (equipment and process auxiliary substances, and the environment) affect the desired separation; the chemical nature of the solvent (if any), the specific energy applied by the physical agent (if any), the frequency and intensity of the mechanical (e.g., ultrasound) and electromagnetic (e.g., microwave) field (if any), the processing time and temperature and the presence of specific case-by-case unwanted substances (e.g., water, oxygen, metal ions) play a role in the final outcome of the recovery process of the desired fraction.
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|Titolo:||Quality Preservation and Cost Effectiveness in the Extraction of Nutraceutically-Relevant Fractions from Microbial and Vegetal Matrices|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||02a Capitolo o Articolo|