Headache is an extremely frequent symptom in childhood and adolescence, and a common reason for neurological consultation. The prevalence of primary headaches (about 85% in tertiary centers) ranges from 10% to 20% in schoolchildren, and increases with increasing age. No sex difference is apparent until age 11. Female preponderance begins about age 12; during adolescence the female-to-male ratio is about 2:1. A child is not a " little adult" and many developmental and individual factors affect headaches, pertaining to the clinical expression, diagnosis, and therapy of the primary headache. According to this view, several points have to be clarified, beginning by considering the child as a whole as regards his or her development, taking into account neurobiological and psychological maturational processes, familial, social, and environmental factors, and avoiding an adult-focused approach to the disease. It is necessary to find key points in the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of headache in childhood and adolescence. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Headache in children / Guidetti, Vincenzo; Federica, Galli; Cristiano, Termine. - 97:C(2010), pp. 739-754. - HANDBOOK OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY. [10.1016/s0072-9752(10)97061-9].

Headache in children

GUIDETTI, Vincenzo;Federica Galli;
2010

Abstract

Headache is an extremely frequent symptom in childhood and adolescence, and a common reason for neurological consultation. The prevalence of primary headaches (about 85% in tertiary centers) ranges from 10% to 20% in schoolchildren, and increases with increasing age. No sex difference is apparent until age 11. Female preponderance begins about age 12; during adolescence the female-to-male ratio is about 2:1. A child is not a " little adult" and many developmental and individual factors affect headaches, pertaining to the clinical expression, diagnosis, and therapy of the primary headache. According to this view, several points have to be clarified, beginning by considering the child as a whole as regards his or her development, taking into account neurobiological and psychological maturational processes, familial, social, and environmental factors, and avoiding an adult-focused approach to the disease. It is necessary to find key points in the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of headache in childhood and adolescence. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
9780444521392
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/167332
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact